Voltage instability is one of the major problems in the transmission line system it causes due to the dynamic load pattern and increasing load demand. Flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) devices are used to maintain the voltage instability by controlling real and reactive power through the system. In transmission line system, the location and size of the FACTS devices are an important consideration to offer perfect real power flow in the bus system. In this paper, an optimal placement and sizing of the FACTS devices are carried out by combining the Kinetic Gas Molecular Optimization (KGMO) and Grey Wolf Optimization (GWO). There are three different FACTS devices are used in this research, such as Static VAR compensator (SVC), Thyristor Controlled Series Compensator (TCSC) and Unified Power Flow Controllers (UPFC). The objective functions considered for the proposed hybrid KGMO-GWO method are installation cost, Total Voltage Deviation (TVD), Line Loading (LL) and real power loss. Moreover, the optimal placement using the hybrid KGMO-GWO method is validated using IEEE 30 bus system. The performance of the hybrid KGMO-GWO method is analyzed by means of TVD, power loss, installation cost and line loading. Additionally, the hybrid KGMO-GWO method is compared with two existing technique named as QOCRO and hybrid KGMO-PSO. The TVD of the hybrid KGMO-GWO is 0.1007 p.u., it is less when compared to the QOCRO and hybrid KGMO-PSO.
Flexible AC Transmission Systems,Grey Wolf Optimization,Kinetic Gas Molecular Optimization,Static VAR Compensator,Thyristor Controlled Series Compensator,Unified Power Flow Controllers,
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