CRONE CONTROL METHODOLOGY FOR A MECHANICAL ACTIVE SUSPENSION SYSTEM
Authors:V. Velmurugan,N.N. Praboo,
In the last few decades, significant progress has been made in the field of Process Control and instrumentation and offers a unique controller named CRONE, which is a noninteger controller to ascertaining the solution of the system under various model uncertainties. This paper proposed to analyzes the performance of CRONE controllers for a mechanical domain of Active Suspension System. To avoid vibration and providing a comfortable vehicle should design the active suspension system using CRONE controllers. The work reveals the design and implementation of CRONE controllers for a Mechanical Active Suspension System (MASS). The mathematical modeling of the transfer function for MASS is analytically derived and analyzed performance is obtained by MAT lab Simulink. The simulation results of the servo response for the CRONE controller are recorded. The Third Generation of CRONE (TGC) controller performance is analyzed in terms of error indices and time-domain parameters. In addition to that, the conventional ZN-PID controller is designed and compared with the TGC controller. Hence it is concluded that the performance of the TGC controller proves superiority over the ZN-PID controller.
Keywords:CRONE Controller,ZN-PID,TGC,Mechanical active suspension system,Nichols chart,
I. Abdolvahab Agharkakli; Ghobad Shafiei Sabet and Armin Barouz. “Simulation and Analysis of Passive and Active Suspension System Using Quarter Car Model for Different Road Profile”. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, Vol.3, No.5 (2012).
II. Bongain, S and Jamett, M.“Electrohydraulic Active Suspension Fuzzy-Neural Based Control System”. IEEE Latin America Transactions, Vol.16, N0. 9 (2018).
III. CRONE toolbox, CRONE research group, Universite de Bordeaux, France.
IV. Du, H, and Zhang, N. “Constrained Hα control of active suspension for a half-car model with a time delay in control”.Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, pp 655-684 (2008).
V. Feng Zhao; Shuzhi Sam Ge; Fangwen Tu; Yechen Qin and Mingming Dong. “Adaptive neural network control for an active suspension system with actuator saturation”. IET Control Theory & Applications, Vol.10 ,No.14 (2016).
VI. Fitri Yakub; Pauziah Muhamad; Hoong Thiam Toh; Noor Fawazi; Shamsul Sarip; Mohamed Sukri Mat Ali and Sheikh Ahmad Zaki. “Enhancing Vehicle Ride Comfort through Intelligent Based Control”. IEEE International Conference on Automatic Control and Intelligent Systems (I2CACIS) (2016).
VII. Ghazally I.Y. Mustafa; Wanga, H.P, and Yang Tiana. “Vibration control of an active vehicle suspension systems using optimized model-free fuzzy logic controller based on time delay estimation”. Advances in Engineering Software, Vol.127, pp 141-149 (20190.
VIII. Guimin Long; Fei Ding; Nong Zhang; Jie Zhang and An Qin. “Regenerative active suspension system with residual energy for in-wheel motor-driven electric vehicle”. Applied Energy, Vol.260, Article 114180(2020).
IX. Jean-Louis Bouvin; Xavier Moreau; Andre Benine-Neto; Alain Oustaloup; Pascal Serrier and Vincent Hernette. “CRONE control of a pneumatic self-leveling suspension system”. Science Direct, IFAC, Vol.50,No.1,pp 13816–13821 (2017).
X. Jinhua Zhang; Weichao Sun and Houhua Jing. “Nonlinear Robust Control of Antilock Braking Systems Assisted by Active Suspensions for Automobile”. IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, Vol.27, No.3 (2019).
XI. Jue Wang; Fujiang Jin; Lichun Zhou and Ping Li. “Implementation of model-free motion control for active suspension systems”. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, Vol.119, pp 589–602 (2019).
XII. Mahesh S. Lathkar; Pramod D. Shendge and Shrivijay B. Phadke. “Active Control of Uncertain Seat Suspension System Based on a State and Disturbance Observer”. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems, Vol.50, No.3 (2020).
XIII. Moreau, X; Altet, O and Oustaloup, A. “The CRONE Suspension: Management of the Dilemma Comfort-Road Holding”. Nonlinear Dynamics, Vol.38, pp 461–484 (2004).
XIV. Mohammed Eman , Karim Hassan Ali, “A FUZZY PID CONTROLLER MODEL USED IN ACTIVE SUSPENSION OF THE QUARTER VEHICLE UNDER MATLAB SIMULATION”, J. Mech. Cont.& Math. Sci., Vol.-15, No.-2, February (2020) pp 224-235
XV. Nouby M. Ghazaly; Mostafa Makrahy; Ahmad O. Moaaz. “Sliding Mode Controller for Different Road Profiles of Active Suspension System for Quarter-Car Model”. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol.7, No.4, pp 151-157 (2019).
XVI. Omorodion Ikponwosa Ignatius; Obinabo, C.E, and Evbogbai, M.J.E. “Modeling, Design, and Simulation of Active Suspension System Root Locus Controller using Automated Tuning Technique”. Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol.6, No.1 (2016).
XVII. Oustaloup, A; Moreau, X, and M. Nouillant, M. “The CRONE Suspension”. Journal of Control Engineering Practice, Vol.4, No.8, pp 1101-1108 (1996).
XVIII. Pang, H; Zhang, X, and Xu, Z. “Adaptive backstepping-based tracking control design for a nonlinear active suspension system with parameter uncertainties and safety constraints”. ISA Transactions, Vol.88, pp 23-36 (2019).
XIX. Polamraju. V. S. Sobhan, M. Subba Rao, A. Sriharibabu, N. Bharath Kumar, “FAST-CONVERGING MPPT TECHNIQUE FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM USING SYNERGETIC CONTROLLER”, J. Mech. Cont.& Math. Sci., Vol.-14, No.-6 November-December (2019) pp 582-592
XX. Qiao Zhu; Jun-Jun Ding and Ming-Liang Yang. “LQG control based lateral active secondary and primary suspensions of the high-speed train for ride quality and hunting stability”. IET Control Theory and Applications, Vol.12, No.10, pp 1497-1504 (2018).
XXI. Shipping Wen; Michael Z. Q. Chen; Zhigang Zeng; Xinghuo Yu and Tingwen Huang. “Fuzzy Control for Uncertain Vehicle Active Suspension Systems via Dynamic Sliding-Mode Approach”. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems, Vol.47, No.1 (2017).
XXII. Sirin Akkaya; Handan Nak and Ali Fuat Ergenc. “Design, Analysis and Experimental Verification of a Novel Nonlinear PI Controller”. Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A- Applied Sciences and Engineering, Vol.18, No.4, pp 876 – 896 (2017).
XXIII. Srinivasan, G; Senthil Kumar, M and Junaid Basha, A.M. “Mathematical modeling and PID controller design using Transfer functional Root Locus method for Active suspension system”. Middle East Journal of Scientific Research, Vol.24, No.3, pp 622-627 (2016).
XXIV. Tejas P.Turakhia and M.J.Modi. “ Mathematical Modeling and Simulation of a simple Quarter Car Vibration model”. International Journal of Scientific Research and Development, Vol.2, No.11 (2016).
XXV. Tianhe Jin; Zhiming Liu; Shuaishuai Sun; Zunsong Ren; Lei Deng; Bo Yang; Matthew Daniel Christie and Weihua Li. “Development and evaluation of a versatile semi-active suspension system for high-speed railway vehicles”. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, Vol.135, Article.106338 (2020).
XXVI. Velmurugan, V, and Praboo, N.N. “CRONE Control Strategy for Air Pressure System”. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE), Vol.9, No.6, pp 966-971 (2020).
XXVII. Yanqi Zhang; Yanjun Liu; Zhifeng Wang; Rui Bai and Lei Liu. “Neural network-based adaptive dynamic surface control for vehicle active suspension systems with time-varying displacement constraints”. Neurocomputing (2020).