Siti Salwa Abd Gani,Ramya Vijayakumar,Nor Fadzillah Mohd Mokhtar,



Red pitaya,By-product,Skin care,Cosmetic,Natural,


Over the past few decades, massive quantities of solid wastes are being produced from the red pitaya fruits by the food and beverage industries and their disposal leads to severe environmental issues. Despite being waste materials, the red pitaya’s by-products such as peels, seeds, and pulps are rich in beneficial active ingredients with diverse functionalities. Besides, the sophisticated technological advancements available today contribute greatly to the development of a variety of processes to convert these waste materials into high-value bio-products of excellent qualities. This review will be focusing on the potentialities and the current use of extracts and chemical constituents of the red pitaya and its by-products in the cosmetic field as antioxidants, natural coloring, moisturizing, anti-aging, and anti-inflammatory agents. These types of plant-derived actives are efficacious, economical and bio-sustainable, and therefore are theoretically suitable to substitute artificial and synthetic active ingredients, more customarily incorporated in cosmetic formulations.


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