Mohd Hairy Ibrahim,Samsiah Mat Juson,Kamarul Ismail,Nor KalsumMohd Isa,Muhammad IhsanMuhd Ismail,AlhajiNagre Dogo,MohdHashiq Hashim,



Urbanization,Urban Heat Island (UHI),downtown,suburbs,


This study was conducted to study the effect of urbanization on Urban Heat Island (UHI) phenomena in Kota Bahru, Kelantan. The purpose of this study is to identify the phenomena UHI found in Kota Bharu as a result of urbanization. The study focused on two primary data primary data through field studies and secondary data of Kota Bharu Islamic City Council (MPKB-BRI). Method crosses the field temperature was carried out using motor vehicles involving fourteen Kota Bahru stations, which includes the downtown area to the suburbs to measure temperature, humidity and wind speed for five days from 27 March 2018 until 31 March 2018. The data collected are twice a day in the evening and evening between 14:00 and 16:00 and between 20:00 and 22:00. The data were analyzed using statistical software for the social sciences (SPSS), Microsoft Excel Window and geographic information systems (GIS) software. The study found that concentrated UHI phenomenon in the downtown area that includes the KB Mall and Gas Station Shell suburb of the Sultan Ismail Petra Airport report, Chengal Village, Village Corps and Zainudin furniture. The difference in Intensity Urban Heat Island (IUHI) value is also shown in the study that recorded IUHI at Kota Bharu is 2.39°C during the day, compared the value IUHI is 1.57°C at night. Overall, urbanization activity in Kota Bharu has led to the phenomenon of UHI in this area. Therefore, effective measures must be applied to reduce these phenomena and ensure the comfort of life without affecting the environment


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