Authors:Pallavi Dutta , Mourani Sinha,Prosenjit Pramanick, Sufia Zaman,Abhijit Mitra,
Keywords:Total coliform (TC),fecal coliform (FC),shrimp culture,Malancha in North 24 Paraganas,Non-linear Auto Regressive model (NAR),
AbstractMicrobial load in terms of Total Coliform (TC) and Fecal Coliform (FC) were documented in the water of a shrimp culture farm at Malancha region of North 24 Parganas for a period of 36 years (1984-2019). The region receives the wastewater from the city of Kolkata. A steady hike in the microbial load (comprising of both total and fecal coliform) is noticed. The primary reason behind this rise of the microbial load is the run-off from the nearby landmasses that brings various types of wastes in the shrimp farm under investigation. The sustainability of shrimp farms in this region is under question due to the huge microbial load as revealed from the output of NAR.
I. Al-Harbi, A. H., “Faecal coliforms in pond water, sediments and hybrid
tilapia Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochromis aureus in Saudi Arabia”, Aquaculture Research, vol. 34, pp: 517–524, 2003
II. Atlas, R. M., Bertha, R., “Microbial ecology fundamentals and applications”, pp: 1–694, Benjamin: Commings Science Publishing, 1997
III. Avnimelech, Y., “Biofloc Technology – A Practical Guide Book”, 3rd Edn. Baton Rouge, LA: The World Aquaculture Society, pp: 258, doi: 10.13140/2.1.4575.0402, 2014
IV. Feng, P. C., Hartman, P. A., “Fluorogenic assays for immediate confirmation of Escherichia coli”, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 43, pp: 1320–1329
V. Greenberg, E., Clesceri, L. S., Eaton, A. D., “Standard method for examination of water and waste water (18th ed.). Washington: American Public Health Association, 1992
VI. Hartman, P. A. “The MUG test for E. coli in food and water”, Florence, Italy: On Rapid Methods and Automation in Microbiology & Immunology, 4–6 Nov., 1989
VII. Katayal, S., Rajkumer, T. M., “Environmental pollution”, New Delhi: Anmol Publications, pp: 54-63, 1991
VIII. Kudesia, V. P. “Water pollution”, 3rd revised ed., pp: 84–102, Meerut: Pragati Parkashan, 1990
IX. Mitra, A., “In: Sensitivity of Mangrove ecosystem to changing Climate”, Publisher Springer, India, DOI: 10.1007/978-81-322-1509-7, ISBN 978-81-322-1508-0 (Hardcover), 978-81-322-2882-0 (Softcover), pp: XIX 323, 2013
X. Mitra, A., “Status of coastal pollution in West Bengal with special reference to heavy metals”, Journal of Indian Ocean Studies, vol. 5, No. 2, 135 –138, 1998.
XI. Mitra, A., Banerjee, K., Chakraborty, R., Banerjee, A., Mehta, N., Berg, H., “Study on the water quality of the shrimp culture ponds in Indian Sundarbans”, Indian Science Cruiser, vol. 20, No. 1, pp: 34-43, 2006
XII. Mitra, A., Bhattacharyya, D. P., “Environmental issues of shrimp farming in mangrove ecosystem”, Journal of Indian Ocean Studies, vol. 11, No. 1, pp: 120-129, 2003.
XIII. Saha, S. B., Bhattacharyya, S. B., Basu, S., Mitra, A., Zamadar, Y. A., Choudhury, A., “Primary production and ecological efficiency of brackishwater shrimp culture in the vicinity of Sundarbans mangrove ecosystem”, Journal of Aquaculture in the Tropics, vol. 13, No. 2, pp: 151-158, 1998
XIV. Shadix, L. C., Eugene, W. R. “Evaluation of β-glucuronidase assay for the detection of Escherichia coli from environmental waters”, Canadian Journal of Microbiology, vol. 37, No. 12, pp: 908–911, 1991
XV. Zaman, S., Mukherjee, N., Banerjee, K., Mitra, A., “Microbial status of cultured shrimp from Indian Sundarbans”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of India, vol. 77 (B), No. III, pp: 288-291, 2007