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IMPLEMENTATION OF NOVEL PGP ALGORITHM FOR ENCRYPTED GPS COMMUNICATION IN SMART CONTAINERS

Authors:

Mehrunnisa Saleem,Sheeraz Ahmed,Salman Ahmad,Safdar Nawaz Khan Marwat,Adnan Khan,Muhammad Aadil,Said Ul Abrar,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.12.00001

Abstract:

The ability to check the location of both static and dynamic devices is improving increasingly with each passing day. To track locations of both static and dynamic machines, Global Positioning System (GPS) is used to exchange the location between the sender and the receiver. However, there are still challenges in the sage and secure transmission and reception of GPS location. The most common challenge is spoofing attacks data. This paper proposes the implementation of a Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) encryption algorithm to ensure the safety of GPS packets shared across the communication channels. The GPS location is first encrypted and subsequently sent across a communication channel, which is strong encryption and cannot be decrypted by an unauthorized user.

Keywords:

Spoofing,Encryption,Decryption,Global Positioning System (GPS),

Refference:

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APPLICATION OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) TO ASSESS THE ROLE OF COVID-19 LOCKDOWN IN THE DOMAIN OF ESTUARINE ACIDIFICATION

Authors:

Sitangshu Roy,Nabonita Pal,Mourani Sinha,Sufia Zaman, Abhijit Mitra,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.12.00002

Abstract:

The branch of computer science that deals with the simulation of variables with the help of a computer are termed Artificial Intelligence (AI). Here we attempt to predict the pace of acidification in the Digha coast of the Bay of Bengal based on available datasets of more than three decades. The ground zero observation on the data set reveals a decreasing trend of pH since 1984 with a sudden hike in premonsoon 2020, the period coinciding with the COVID 19 lockdown phase in the Indian sub-continent.

Keywords:

Artificial Intelligence (AI),Digha coast,aquatic pH,COVID 19 lockdown phase,

Refference:

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A REVIEW ON TROPICAL CYCLONES

Authors:

Indrajit Ghosh,Sukhen Das,Nabajit Chakravarty,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.12.00003

Abstract:

In this review, we have discussed the important recent theoretical research works on tropical cyclone dynamics. For mitigation of the devastating effect of tropical cyclones on coastal human civilization more and more advanced forecasting techniques are evolving nowadays with the increase in the frequency of generation of tropical cyclones. Thus it is of utmost necessity to understand the anatomy and physiology of the dynamics of tropical cyclones. So researchers explain the cyclonic system from a different point of view and that is highlighted in this review. So this review illustrates, in brief, some important developed models.

Keywords:

tropical cyclone,cyclostrophic flow,thermal wind,gale wind,wind gusts,storm surge,bathymetry,barotropic wind,baroclinic atmosphere,gradient wind,potential temperature,

Refference:

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IMPACT OF LOCKDOWN RESTRICTION OF COVID-19 ON SELECTIVE DISSOLVED HEAVY METALS IN COASTAL WEST BENGAL

Authors:

Nibedita Mukhopadhyay,Abhijit Mitra,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.12.00004

Abstract:

              In this study, the effect of COVID-19 lockdown (2020) on dissolved heavy metal load (Zn, Cu, and Pb) in the coastal West Bengal were analyzed concerning the pre-COVID 19 phases (2016-2019). Two stations namely Shankarpur (Stn.1) and Haldia (Stn. 2) were selected for the study as both have two contrasting operational features. Haldia is an important port-cum-industrial complex whereas Shankarpur is an important fish landing station-cum-tourism site. The results showed that in both the stations there was a drastic fall in the metal concentrations due to lockdown implementation, but in Haldia, the aquatic health exhibits much improvement as in lockdown there was complete shut-down of the industries. ANOVA results also highlight significant variations between the two stations as well as between the pre COVID-19 (2016-2019) and COVID-19 lockdown phases.        

Keywords:

Dissolved heavy metals,Covid-19 lockdown,coastal West Bengal,ANOVA,

Refference:

I. Adla Rajesh, R. Shashi Kumar Reddy, M. Shiva Chander. : ‘SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN INDIA DURING LOCK DOWN PERIOD WITH AN IMPACT OF COVID-19’. J. Mech. Cont.& Math. Sci., Vol.-15, No.-8, August (2020) pp 8-16
II. Agarwal, S., Pramanick, P., Mitra, A., “Alteration of dissolved Zinc concentration during COVID-19 lockdown phase in coastal West Bengal”, NUJS Journal of Regulatory Studies, Special Issue, pp: 51-56, 2020
III. Chakraborti, D., Adams, F., Mol, W. V., Irgolic, K. J., “Determination of trace metals in natural waters at nanogram per liter levels by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry after extraction with sodium diethyl-dithiocarbamate”, Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 196, pp: 23-31, 1987
IV. Diffenbaugh, N. S., Field, C. B., Appel, E. A., Azevedo, I. L., Baldocchi, D. D., Burke, M., Burney, J. A., Ciais, P., Davis, S. J., Fiore, A. M., “The COVID-19 lockdowns: A window into the earth system”, Natures Reviews Earth & Environment, vol. 1, pp: 470–481, 2020
V. India: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), Available online: https://covid19.who.int/region/searo/country/in, (accessed on 26th June, 2021)
VI. Izah, S. C., Chakrabarty, N., Srivastav, A. L., “A review on heavy metal concentration in potable water sources in Nigeria: Human health effects and mitigating measures”, Exposure and Health, vol. 8, no. 2, pp: 285–304, 2016
VII. Mitra, A., “Estuarine Pollution in the Lower Gangetic Delta”, Springer International, ISBN 978-3-319- 93305-4, vol. XVI, pp: 371, 2019
VIII. Mitra, A., “Sensitivity of Mangrove Ecosystem to Changing Climate”, Springer New Delhi Heidelberg New York Dordrecht London, 2013 edition, ISBN-10: 8132215087; ISBN-13: 978-8132215080, 2013
IX. Mitra, A., Zaman, S., “Basics of Marine and Estuarine Ecology”, Springer India, ISBN 978-81-322-2707-6, pp: 1-481, 2016
X. Mitra, A., Zaman, S., “Carbon sequestration by Coastal Floral Community, India”, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) TERI Press. ISBN 978-81-7993-551-4, 2014
XI. Olayinka-Olagunju, J. O., Dosumu, A. A, Olatunji-Ojo, A. M., “Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals in Pelagic and Benthic Fishes of Ogbese River, Ondo State, South-Western Nigeria”, Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, vol. 232, no. 2, pp: 1–19, 2021
XII. The Financial Express, Lockdown 5.0 Guidelines in India (State-Wise): New Lockdown Extension Rules Announced, Night Curfew Relaxed. 30 May 2020, Available online: https://www.financialexpress.com/lifestyle/health/lockdown-5-0-guidelinesstate-wise-lockdown-extension-5-0-rules-latest-updates/1975135, (accessed on 26th June, 2021)
XIII. WHO. Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Situation Report-197, Available online: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200804-covid-19-sitrep-197.pdf?sfvrsn=94f7a01d_2, (accessed on 26th June, 2021)
XIV. www.nltr.org

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USE OF NON-LINEAR AUTOREGRESSIVE MODEL (NAR) TO FORECAST THE FUTURE HEALTH OF SHRIMP FARM

Authors:

Pallavi Dutta , Mourani Sinha,Prosenjit Pramanick, Sufia Zaman,Abhijit Mitra,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.12.00005

Abstract:

Microbial load in terms of Total Coliform (TC) and Fecal Coliform (FC) were documented in the water of a shrimp culture farm at Malancha region of North 24 Parganas for a period of 36 years (1984-2019). The region receives the wastewater from the city of Kolkata. A steady hike in the microbial load (comprising of both total and fecal coliform) is noticed. The primary reason behind this rise of the microbial load is the run-off from the nearby landmasses that brings various types of wastes in the shrimp farm under investigation.  The sustainability of shrimp farms in this region is under question due to the huge microbial load as revealed from the output of NAR.

Keywords:

Total coliform (TC),fecal coliform (FC),shrimp culture,Malancha in North 24 Paraganas,Non-linear Auto Regressive model (NAR),

Refference:

I. Al-Harbi, A. H., “Faecal coliforms in pond water, sediments and hybrid
tilapia Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochromis aureus in Saudi Arabia”, Aquaculture Research, vol. 34, pp: 517–524, 2003
II. Atlas, R. M., Bertha, R., “Microbial ecology fundamentals and applications”, pp: 1–694, Benjamin: Commings Science Publishing, 1997
III. Avnimelech, Y., “Biofloc Technology – A Practical Guide Book”, 3rd Edn. Baton Rouge, LA: The World Aquaculture Society, pp: 258, doi: 10.13140/2.1.4575.0402, 2014
IV. Feng, P. C., Hartman, P. A., “Fluorogenic assays for immediate confirmation of Escherichia coli”, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 43, pp: 1320–1329
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VIII. Kudesia, V. P. “Water pollution”, 3rd revised ed., pp: 84–102, Meerut: Pragati Parkashan, 1990
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X. Mitra, A., “Status of coastal pollution in West Bengal with special reference to heavy metals”, Journal of Indian Ocean Studies, vol. 5, No. 2, 135 –138, 1998.
XI. Mitra, A., Banerjee, K., Chakraborty, R., Banerjee, A., Mehta, N., Berg, H., “Study on the water quality of the shrimp culture ponds in Indian Sundarbans”, Indian Science Cruiser, vol. 20, No. 1, pp: 34-43, 2006
XII. Mitra, A., Bhattacharyya, D. P., “Environmental issues of shrimp farming in mangrove ecosystem”, Journal of Indian Ocean Studies, vol. 11, No. 1, pp: 120-129, 2003.
XIII. Saha, S. B., Bhattacharyya, S. B., Basu, S., Mitra, A., Zamadar, Y. A., Choudhury, A., “Primary production and ecological efficiency of brackishwater shrimp culture in the vicinity of Sundarbans mangrove ecosystem”, Journal of Aquaculture in the Tropics, vol. 13, No. 2, pp: 151-158, 1998
XIV. Shadix, L. C., Eugene, W. R. “Evaluation of β-glucuronidase assay for the detection of Escherichia coli from environmental waters”, Canadian Journal of Microbiology, vol. 37, No. 12, pp: 908–911, 1991
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