Authors:Yogesh Sharma,B. Balamurugan,
Keywords:Blockchain,Decentralized Technology,Electronic Medical Record,Patient,Security,Privacy,
AbstractA blockchain technology is one of the types of decentralized technology and is based on distributed ledger technology. A blockchain technology is a tamper proof and secure technology which make the technology suitable for data store. However, there are some question from the critics with the issues related to technical challenges like the storage space of blockchain and some security issues but the technology has shown the benefit in multiple sectors. Electronic Health Records (EHR), Electronic Medical Record (EMR), Patient Health Record (PHR) are the patients record that are need to be monitored continuously after the patient get discharged from the hospital specially the patients with heart diseases or cancer. The electronic medical record proves to be a great help for the patient and for the concerned doctor as well. These medical records need more security and privacy against the leak or misuse by some other person. There have been some incidents where it has seen the security breach in the electronic medical records of a patient. In order to provide privacy to these records blockchain technology can be beneficial. In this paper, we will provide a comprehensive survey of different methods for preserving the privacy of EMR using the blockchain technology.
I. Abdullah Al Omar, M. S. (2017.). MediBchain: A Blockchain Based Privacy Preserving Platform for Healthcare Data. International Conference on Security, Privacy and Anonymity in Computation, Communication and Storage, (pp. pp. 534-543).
II. Ahmed Faeq Hussein, A. N.-G. (2018). A Medical Records Managing and Securing Blockchain Based System Supported by a Genetic Algorithm and Discrete Wavelet Transform. Cognitive Systems Research, (pp. 1-11).
III. AlevtinaDubovitskaya, Z. X. (2017). Secure and Trustable Electronic Medical Records Sharing using Blockchain. Annual Symposium proceedings .AMIA.
IV. Allison Ackerman Shrier, A. C.-t.( 2017, August 19). “Blockchain and Health IT: Algorithms, Privacy, and Data,”. Retrieved from http://www.truevaluemetrics.org: http://www.truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Technology/ Blockchain/1-78-blockchainandhealthitalgorithmsprivacydata_whitepaper.pdf,
V. Dylan Yaga, P. M. (2018). Blockchain Technology Overview.NISTIR 8202.
VI. Dylan Yaga, P. M. (2018, October). Blockchain Technology Overview . Retrieved from https://csrc.nist.gov: https://csrc.nist.gov/publications/detail/nistir/8202/final
VII. Gaby G. Daghera, J. M. (2018). Ancile: Privacy-preserving framework foraccess control and interoperability of electronic health records using blockchain technology . Sustainable Cities and Society, 283-297.
VIII. Guy Zyskind, O. N. (2015). Decentralizing Privacy: Using Blockchain to Protect Personal Data. IEEE CS Security and Privacy Workshops (pp. 180-184). IEEE.
IX. HaiboTian, J. Y. (2019). Medical Data Managementon Blockchain with Privacy. Journal of Medical systems, 26.
X. Jingwei Liu, X. L. (2018). BPDS: A Blockchain based Privacy-Preserving Data Sharing for Electronic Medical Records. Global Communications,, (pp. pp. 1-6).
XI. Kevin Peterson, R. D. (2016). A Blockchain-Based Approach to Health Information Exchange Networks.
XII. Kessler, G. C. (2019). An Overview of Cryptography.
XIII. Licheng Wang, X. S. (2019). Cryptographic primitives in blockchains. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, Pages 43-58.
XIV. Liehuang Zhu, Y. W.-K. (2018). Controllable and trustworthy blockchain-based cloud data management. Future Generation Computer Systems, 527-535.
XV. Madeira, A. (2016, November 29). What is the Block Size Limit. Retrieved from https://www.cryptocompare.com : https://www.cryptocompare.com/coins/guides/what-is-the-block-size-limit/
XVI. Marr, B. (2018, may 21). How Much Data Do We Create Every Day? The Mind-Blowing Stats Everyone Should Read. Retrieved from forbes.com: https://www.forbes.com/sites/bernardmarr/2018/05/21/how-much-data-do-we-create-every-day-the-mind-blowing-stats-everyone-should-read/#5fa0d7e60ba9
XVII. MinalThakkar, D. C. (2006). Risks, Barriers, and Benefits of EHR Systems: A Comparative Study Based on Size of Hospital. Perspectives in Health Information Management.
XVIII. Nabil El Ioini, C. P. (2018). A Review of Distributed Ledger Technologies. OTM 2018 Conferences – Cloud and Trusted Computing (C&TC 2018).
XIX. Nakamoto, S. (2009). Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System. Retrieved from www.bitcoin.org.
XX. NeeshaJothia, N. A. (2015). Data Mining in Healthcare – A Review .Procedia Computer Science . Penang Malaysia .
XXI. One-way Hash Function. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.aspencrypt.com: http://www.aspencrypt.com/crypto101_hash.html
XXII. P. Gareth, P. E. (November, 2015). “Understanding Modern Banking Ledgers through Blockchain Technologies: Future of Transaction Processing and Smart Contracts on the Internet of Money.”.SSRN Electronic Journal.
XXIII. Paul J. Taylor, T. D.-K. (2019). A systematic literature review of blockchain cyber security.Digital Communications and Networks.
XXIV. Popov, S. (2018, july 19). The Tangle. Retrieved from https://iota.org: https://iota.org/IOTA Whitepaper.pdf
XXV. Qi Xia, E. B. (2017). BBDS: Blockchain-Based Data Sharing for Electronic Medical Records in Cloud Environments. Information.
XXVI. Rouse, M. (2017, August). consensus algorithm. Retrieved from whatis.techtarget.com: https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/consensus-algorithm
XXVII. RUI ZHANG, R. X. (2019). Security and Privacy on Blockchain.ACM Computing Surveys, Vol.1, 1-35.
XXVIII. S. Bakhtiari, R. S.-N. (2005). Cryptographic Hash Function: A Survey.
XXIX. SandroAmofa, E. B.-B. (2018). A Blockchain-based Architecture Framework for Secure Sharing of Personal Health Data.International Conference on e-Health Networking, Applications and Services.
XXX. Tian, H., He, J. and Ding, Y., “Medical Data Management on Blockchain with Privacy,” Journal of medical systems, vol.43, no.2, pp.26, 2019.
XXXI. Xiao Yue, H. W. (2016). Healthcare Data Gateways: Found Healthcare Intelligence on Blockchain with Novel Privacy Risk Control. Journal of medical systems, 218.
XXXII. XiaodongLin, A. (2018). TowardsSecureandPrivacy-Preserving Data Sharingine-Health SystemsviaConsortiumBlockchain.Journal of medical Systems, 140.
XXXIII. Xueping Liang, J. Z. (2017). Integrating Blockchain for Data Sharing and Collaboration in Mobile Healthcare Applications. Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications (pp. 1-5). IEEE.
XXXIV. Yi Chen, S. D. (2018). Blockchain-Based Medical Records Secure Storage and Medical Service Framework.Journal of Medical Systems, 5.
XXXV. Yin Zhang, M. C. (2015). iDoctor: Personalized and professionalized medical recommendations based on hybrid matrix factorization. Future Generation Computer Systems.
XXXVI. Zhang, A. and Lin, X., “Towards secure and privacy-preserving data sharing in e-health systems via consortium blockchain,” Journal of medical systems, vol.42, no.8, pp.140, 2018.
XXXVII. Zhu, L., Wu, Y., Gai, K. and Choo, K.K.R., “Controllable and trustworthy blockchain-based cloud data management,” Future Generation Computer Systems, vol.91, pp.527-535, 2019.