Journal Vol – 16 No -10, October 2021

A FRAMEWORK BASED ON BLOCKCHAIN FOR ELECTORAL VOTING SYSTEM

Authors:

Tarun Kumar,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.10.00001

Abstract:

Electoral voting system is the pillar to maintain the democratic freedom of any country. The fair and transparent organization of election is the basic need of the country. Many countries are basically using one of two ways to conduct election either using ballot paper or using electronic voting machines. Each one has its own pros and cons. The fast, trust and e-voting is the need of future. In recent years, blockchain technology is rapidly adopted in various fields by various organizations. The Decentralized and cryptographic algorithms are the major reason behind this. Considering the increasing issue of security, trust in the traditional Voting System and future requirements, this paper proposes a framework for E-Voting system based on blockchain technology. This paper discusses the network architecture for blockchain technology, framing the processing casting votes and counting of votes. The analysis of various issues and challenges in electoral system is carried out in context of the proposed framework. This framework may improve the security and decreases the cost of hosting nationwide elections

Keywords:

Blockchain Technology,E-Voting,SHA256,P2P Networks,E-Voting,

Refference:

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XII. Yogesh Sharma, B. Balamurugan. : ‘A SURVEY ON PRIVACY PRESERVING METHODS OF ELECTRONIC MEDICAL RECORD USING BLOCKCHAIN’. J. Mech. Cont.& Math. Sci., Vol.-15, No.-2, February (2020) pp 32-47. DOI : 10.26782/jmcms.2020.02.00004.

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COMPARATIVE STUDY OF HEAVY METALS IN THE MUSCLE OF TWO EDIBLE FINFISH SPECIES IN AND AROUND INDIAN SUNDARBANS

Authors:

Shyama Prasad Bepari,Prosenjit Pramanick,Sufia Zaman,Abhijit Mitra,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.10.00002

Abstract:

We analyzed the concentrations of zinc, copper, and lead in the muscle of two commercially important finfish species namely, Pampus argenteus and Scatophagus argus in and around the World Heritage site of Indian Sundarbans from 8th  to 15th  July 2021 using an Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The sequence of bioaccumulation of the selected metals is as per the order Zn > Cu > Pb irrespective of the species. The degree of metal accumulation showed variation between the species with the highest value in Scatophagus argus followed by Pampus argenteus, which may be related to the difference in their food habit or degree of exposure to ambient media contaminated with heavy metals.

Keywords:

Heavy metals,Pampus argenteus,Scatophagus argus,bioaccumulation,

Refference:

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STABILITY ENHANCEMENT OF ALUMINUM-AIR BATTERY

Authors:

Syed Mazhar Shah,Muhammad Noman,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.10.00003

Abstract:

A comparative analysis is presented for an aluminum-air battery with a carbon-coated and non-coated anode made of 4N pure aluminum with the purpose to enhance the stability of the battery. The carbon coating was proven to be quite effective which lasted almost two times more than the non-coated cell with little to almost no effect on the electrochemical behavior. A method was also proposed to limit the self-discharge electrode corrosion of the aluminum-air battery by limiting the oxygen supply to the cell from atmospheric air. The blockage of the air supply limits the oxidation-reduction reaction necessary for cell operation. For that purpose, the cell was tested in vacuum condition for 25 days which showed quite impressive results when compared with the cell kept in a non-vacuum room condition. It had retained its potential as well as resisted the corrosion quite well with almost negligible weight loss and byproduct accumulation.

Keywords:

Aluminum-air batteries,Carbon-coated,Oxidation-reduction,

Refference:

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VEHICLE LICENSE PLATE DETECTION: A SURVEY

Authors:

Tarun Kumar,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.10.00004

Abstract:

Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR) is an image processing technique that is used to extract the symbols (characters and digits) embedded on the number (license) plate to identify the vehicles. Huge numbers of ANPR techniques have been proposed by various researchers in the past. Most of the ANPR techniques are designed for restricted conditions due to the diversity of the license plate styles, environmental conditions etc. Not every technique is suited for all kinds of conditions. In general, the ANPR technique comprises of the following three stages; license plate detection (LPD); character segmentation; and character recognition. There exist a wide variety of techniques for carrying out each of the steps of the ANPR. Some score over others. This paper presents a State-of-the-Art survey of the various leading LPD techniques that exist today and an attempt has been made to summarize these techniques based on pros and cons and their limitations. Each technique is classified based on the features used at each stage of LPD. This survey shall help provide future direction towards the development of efficient and accurate techniques for ANPR. It shall also assist in identifying and shortlisting the methodologies that are best suited for the particular problem domain.

Keywords:

Automatic number plate recognition (ANPR),license plate detection (LPD),Edge detection,Texture detection,

Refference:

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LOCKDOWN: PREVALENCE OF MENTAL ILLNESS DURING COVID-19 IN DHAKA, BANGLADESH

Authors:

Farjana Islam Aovi,Shopnil Akash,Sarah Islam,Abhijit Mitra,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.10.00005

Abstract:

Mental and physical health has been smashed up due to SARS-2-CoV-19 across the world for about the last couple of years, which leads to producing mental stress and strain. Even though patients and healthcare staffs provide psychiatric treatment, the psychological health of the overall population often demands concern which causes psychosocial stressors, impacting both the spread of the disease and the incidence of emotional distress and psychological disorder. The study aimed to identify the psychological condition and demand as wee as the coping process of the population of the capital city-Dhaka of Bangladesh. For collecting data with these categories, the online portals, like facebook vote, Google met, LinkedIn, were used for both male and female gender. Among the participants, 35% people were depressed, in grief 4% people, 25% people were suffering from Anxiety,13% people were facing Insomnia problems and 7% people were facing Trauma. Our survey also revealed that 21%sample acknowledged to open up lockdown, on the other hand, 31% of people were consistently strongly agreed on the government decision. 34.8% of people spent their time during lockdown using Facebook, 26% on online classes, work from home were 14%, and the other 26% people were utilizing their lockdown time by watching YouTube and other social sites. This study puts together a towering contribution to developing an assessment of mental health profile during SARS-2-CoV-19 and lockdown in Dhaka.

Keywords:

Lockdown,Coping,Pandemic,Conceivable,Emotional,psychologically,Quarantine,

Refference:

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ADAPTATION OF MACHINE LEARNING TECHNIQUES WITH ITS CHALLENGES IN THE FIELD OF MEDICINE

Authors:

Asim Ali,Said ul Abrar,Safyan Ahmed,Sheeraz Ahmed,Ubaid Ullah,Muhammad Habib Ullah,Muhammad Tayyab,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.10.00006

Abstract:

An affected person notices an effortless rash over his shoulder but does not get treatment. His spouse suggests he visit the hospital for a physician after few months, who will provide treatment a seborrhea keratosis. Afterward, when the patient went through a colonoscopy screening, a black shaded macule on his shoulder was noticed by a nurse and advises him to evaluate it. Then he takes it to a dermatologist after one month and takes a biopsy specimen for the lesion. Through which they find out a non-dangerous near to cancer but not cancer symptoms. A second reading of the biopsy specimen was suggested by the dermatologist. After that, they started to do the treatment by systematic chemotherapy. One friend who was a physician told the patient why he is not giving a try to immunotherapy.

Keywords:

colonoscopy,Machine learning,Medicine,Health System,immunotherapy,

Refference:

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EFFECT OF LOCKDOWN DUE TO COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON AIR QUALITY IN THE INDUSTRIAL CITY OF EASTERN INDIA

Authors:

Rajrupa Ghosh,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.10.00007

Abstract:

The lockdown due to coronavirus (COVID-19) was forced in India from March, 25 to May 3 2020 as precautionary actions in contradiction of the diffusion of infectious virus. The objective of this study is to analyse the changes in air quality between pre and during the lockdown in Asansol, the “coal mining city” of Eastern India is characterized by high pollution levels due to several industries leading to human discomfort and even health problems. Secondary data of seven parameters like CO, SO2, NO2, PM2.5, PM10, NH3, and O3 have been collected from the website of the Central Pollution Control Board, India and AQI were calculated as per the calculator provided by CPCB. The result displays a significant reduction of seven parameters from 33.31 % (SO2) to 60.44 % (PM2.5) due to the shut down of all manufacturing units and transportation throughout the lockdown period. The air quality index (AQI) was also upgraded from a very poor to a satisfactory state during this period. Plants are the main carbon sink, so, a green belt project proposal for this polluted city has been recommended to improve air quality management. This lockdown (temporarily) showed some vaccine effect on the air quality, but this is totally against economic growth.

Keywords:

COVID-19,lockdown,Air quality index (AQI),Industrial city,Eastern India,

Refference:

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CELLULAR MOBILE COMMUNICATION REVIEW

Authors:

Mehre Munir,Mubashar Javed,Muhammad Umer Javed,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.10.00008

Abstract:

Mobile communication is continuously one of the hottest areas that are developing at a booming speed, with advanced techniques emerging in all the fields of mobile and wireless communications. This thesis deals with the comparative study of wireless cellular technologies namely First Generation, Second Generation, Third Generation, and Fourth Generation. A cellular network or mobile network is a radio network distributed over land areas called cells, each served by at least one fixed-location transceiver, known as a cell site or base station. In a cellular network, each cell uses a different set of frequencies from neighboring cells, to avoid interference and provide guaranteed bandwidth within each cell. The First Generation were referred to as cellular, which was later shortened to “cell”, Cell phone signals were based on analog system transmissions,  and First Generation devices were comparatively less heavy and expensive. Second Generation phones deploy GSM technology. Global System for Mobile communications or GSM uses digital modulation to improve voice quality but the network offers limited data service. The Third Generation revolution allowed mobile telephone customers to use audio, graphics and video applications. Fourth Generation is short for fourth-generation cell phones or/and hand held devices.

Keywords:

Cellular network,First Generation,Second Generation,Third Generation,Fourth Generation,

Refference:

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SECURE COMMUNICATION USING THE SYNCHRONIZATION OF TWO FRACTIONAL-ORDER CHAOTIC SYSTEMS WITH ORDER CHANGES USING THE FINITE-TIME OPTIMAL CONTROL APPROACH

Authors:

Ali Soleimanizadeh,Mohammad Ali Nekui,

DOI NO:

https://doi.org/10.26782/jmcms.2021.10.00009

Abstract:

In this paper synchronization problem for two different fractional-order chaotic systems has been investigated. Based on fractional calculus, optimality conditions for this synchronization have been achieved. Synchronization Time and control signals are two factors that are optimized. After that, the synchronization method is applied in secure communication. Finally using the simulation example, the performance of the proposed method for synchronization and chaotic masking is shown.

Keywords:

Fractional calculus,Secure communication,Chaotic masking,

Refference:

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