Shyama Prasad Bepari,Prosenjit Pramanick,Sufia Zaman,Abhijit Mitra,



Heavy metals,Pampus argenteus,Scatophagus argus,bioaccumulation,


We analyzed the concentrations of zinc, copper, and lead in the muscle of two commercially important finfish species namely, Pampus argenteus and Scatophagus argus in and around the World Heritage site of Indian Sundarbans from 8th  to 15th  July 2021 using an Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The sequence of bioaccumulation of the selected metals is as per the order Zn > Cu > Pb irrespective of the species. The degree of metal accumulation showed variation between the species with the highest value in Scatophagus argus followed by Pampus argenteus, which may be related to the difference in their food habit or degree of exposure to ambient media contaminated with heavy metals.


I. Boudouresque, C. F., Verlaque, M., “Biological pollution in the Mediterranean Sea: invasive versus introduced macrophytes”, Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 44, pp: 32-38, 2002
II. Castro, H., Aguilera, P. A., Martinez, J. L., Carrique, E. L., “Differentiation of clams from fishing areas an approximation to coastal quality assessment”, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 54, pp: 229-237, 1999
III. Cloete, C. E., Watling, R. J., “South African Marine Pollution Monitoring Programme 1979-1982”, Pretoria National Programme for Environmental Sciences, Report No. 51, 1981
IV. De Groot, A. J., Salomons, W., Allersma, E., “Processes affecting heavy metals in estuarine sediments”, In: Burton J.D. and Liss P.S. eds. Estuarine Chemistry, Academic Press, London, pp: 131-153, 1976
V. Gallagher, K. A., Wheeler, A. J., Orford, J. D., “An assessment of the heavy metal pollution of two tidal marshes on the north-west coast of Ireland”, Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, vol. 96B no. 3, pp: 177-188, 1996
VI. Heyvaert, A. C., Reuter, J. E., Sloton, D. G., Goldman, C., “Paleo-limnological reconstruction of historical atmospheric Pb and Hg deposition at lake Tahoe, California-Nevada”, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 34, pp: 3588-3597, 2000
VII. Iyengar, G. V., “Milestones in Biological trace elements research”, Science of the Total Environment, vol. 1, pp: 100, 1991.
VIII. Jegalakshimi Jewaratnam, Zarith Sofea Khalidi. : ‘BIOSORPTION OF COPPER (II), ZINC (II) AND NICKEL (II) FROM AQUEOUS MEDIUM USING AZADIRACHTA INDICA (NEEM) LEAF POWDER’. J. Mech. Cont.& Math. Sci., Vol.-14, No.-6 November-December (2019) pp 533-545. DOI : 10.26782/jmcms.2019.12.00037
IX. Keller, E. A., “Environmental geology”, MacMillan Publishing Company, New York, 1992
X. Laliberte, C., Dewailly, E., Gugras, S., Ayotte, P., Weber, J. P., Sauve, L., Benedetti, J. L., “Mercury contamination in fishermen of the lower north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence (Quebec, Canada)”, In: Vernet J.P. ed. Impact of Heavy Metals in the Environment, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp: 15-28, 1992
XI. Malina, G., “Ecotoxicological and Environmental problems Associated with the Former Chemical Plant in Tarnowskie Gory, Poland”, Toxicology, vol. 205, pp: 157-172, 2004
XII. Milu, V., Leroy, J. L., Peiffert, C., “Water Contamination Downstream from a Copper Mine in the Apuseni Mountains, Romania”, Environmental Geology, vol. 42, pp: 773-782, 2002
XIII. Mitra, A., Choudhury, A., “Heavy metal concentrations in oysters Crassostrea cucullata of Sagar Island, India”, Indian Journal of Environmental Health, NEERI, vol. 35, pp: 139-141, 1993
XIV. Okafor, E. C., Opuene, K., “Correlations, partitioning and bioaccumulation of trace metals between different segments of Taylor Creek, southern Nigeria”, Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 3, no. 4, pp: 381-389, 2006
XV. Otte, M. L., Kearns, C. C., Doyle, M. O., “Accumulation of arsenic and zinc in the rhizosphere of wetland plants”, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 55, pp: 154-161, 1995
XVI. Pattnaik, S., Vikram Reddy, M., Singh, P., “Concentration of Cadmium, lead and zinc and their leaching in municipal solid waste dumping sites at Bhubaneswar city (Orissa)”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Scienecs, vol. 76(B), no. III, pp: 251-258, 2006
XVII. Pekey, H., “Heavy Metal Pollution Assessment in Sediments of the Izmit Bay, Turkey”, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 123, pp: 219-231, 2006
XVIII. Rajkhowa, I., “Action in aquaculture-opportunities in aquatic specialization”, Business Today (May 22 Issue): 131, 2005
XIX. Rayms-Keller, A., Olson, K. E., McGaw, M., Oray, C., Carlson, J. O., Beaty, B. J., “Effect of heavy metals on Aedes Aegypti (Diptera culicidea) Larvae”, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 39, pp: 41-47, 1998
XX. Reddy, M. S., Mehta, B., Dave, S., Joshi, M., Karthikeyan, L., Sarma, V. K. S., Basha, S., Ramachandraiah, G., Bhatt, O., “Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in some commercial fishes and crabs of the Gulf of Cambay, India”, Current Science, vol. 92, pp: 1489-1491, 2007
XXI. Santhanam, R., Ramanathan, N., Jegatheesan, G., In: Coastal aquaculture in India, CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi, India, 1990
XXII. Skvarla, J., “A study on the trace metal speciation in the Ruzin reservoir sediment”, Acta Montanistica Slovaca, Rocnik, vol. 3, no. 2, pp: 177-182, 1998
XXIII. Stoffers, P., Glasby, G. P., Wilson, C. J., Davis, K. R., Walter, P., “Heavy metal pollution in Wellington Harbour”, New Zealand Journal of Marine and freshwater Research, vol. 20, pp: 495-512, 1986
XXIV. Strickland, J. D. H., Parsons, T. R., “A practical handbook of sea water analysis”, Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa Bulletin, 2nd Edition. 167, 1972
XXV. Tarifeno-Silva, E., Kawasaki, L., Yn, D. P., Gordon, M. S., Chapman, D. J., “Aquacultural approaches to recycling dissolved nutrients in secondarily treated domestic waste waters: Uptake of dissolved heavy metals by artificial food chains”, Water Resource, vol. 16, pp: 59-65, 1982
XXVI. UNEP, “Pollution and marine environment in the Indian Ocean”, UNEP regional Seas Report and Studies, 13, 1982
XXVII. Williams, J. P., Bubbs, J. M., Lester, J. N., “Metal accumulation within salt marsh environments – a review”, Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 28, pp: 277-290, 1994
XXVIII. Winkler, L. W., “The determination of dissolved oxygen”, Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft, vol. 21, pp: 2843–2846, 1988

View Download