Experimental Investigation of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine By Diesel – Citrullus Vulgaris With n-Butanol And Its Blends


R. Sabarish,M. PremJeyaKumar,




Performance,Emission analysis,n-butanol,Biodiesel,Diesel Engine,Transesterification,


Everyday a need for energy sources and fossil fuel is growing high. Also that this type of fossil fuel is not an eco-friendly. So it is necessary to look forward for alternate fuel for vehicles. The best and most suitable alternate source of fuel is Biodiesel. Because Biodiesel contain long chain alkyl esters. Also that it is prepared from renewable sources and it is bio-degradable. In this project citrullus vulgaris oil is used as a biodiesel. It is used due to its low cost and high availability. This biodiesel is prepared by using the process of transesterification process. Experimental investigation of diesel engine is carried away to find out the performance characteristics and Emission analysis of the CI (compression ignition) diesel engine, when using n-Butyl alcohol (n-butanol) as an additive with neat diesel and Biodiesel blends. This experiment consists of mixing of Biodiesel and Diesel with additive n-butyl alcohol (commonly known as n-butanol) in 80% of diesel, remaining 20% of Biodiesel and additives in mass basis. The final results yields that performance and emission characteristics of the single cylinder diesel engine can be improved slightly by using Biodiesel blend than neat diesel and it is compare with standard diesel. The performance characteristics were carried out the BTE, SFC, TFC, and at the same time the emission analysis and result getting the HC, CO, CO2 and NOx.


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