The Effectiveness of Chip Mental Arithmetic Kit in Teaching and Learning in 21stCenturies for Topic Addition and Subtraction


R. N. Farah,N. Bahirah,R.L. Zuraida,



addition and subtraction,Chip Mental Arithmetic Kit,teaching manipulative,


This article presents the effectiveness of Chip Mental Arithmetic Kit in teaching and learning of topic addition and subtraction. The methods used in the research weredescriptive analysis. The sample consist of two hundred and forty-six(246)standard one students of 3 primary school in total in the state ofSelangor and Perak. Samples were divided into groups and the Chip Mental Arithmetic Kit was distributed to each group.The researcher applied the Chip Mental Arithmetic Kit in the classroom during their teaching and learning process of topic addition and subtraction in primary education. The instrument used by researcher is questionnaire. The questionnaire contained 21 questions which include the figure, the reliability, the endurance of Chip Mental Arithmetic Kit. The student’s answers wereanalyzed. The result showed that Chip Mental Arithmetic Kit had a significant positive impact among the students, and the latter preferred Chip Mental Arithmetic Kit rather than using the traditional method of teaching addition and subtraction in standardone. The findings of the current study encouraged teachers and students to use Chip Mental Arithmetic Kit in their teaching and learning process.


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