Omar Abdulmohsin Ali,



Data-driven strategy,kernel,multiphase regression,robustness,threshold point,winsorization,


The estimation of the regular regression model requires several assumptions to be satisfied such as "linearity". One problem occurs by partitioning the regression curve into two (or more) parts and then joining them by threshold point(s). This situation is regarded as a linearity violation of regression. Therefore, the multiphase regression model is received increasing attention as an alternative approach which describes the changing of the behavior of the phenomenon through threshold point estimation. Maximum likelihood estimator "MLE" has been used in both model and threshold point estimations. However, MLE is not resistant against violations such as outliers' existence or in case of the heavy-tailed error distribution. The main goal of this paper is to suggest a new hybrid estimator obtained by an ad-hoc algorithm which relies on data driven strategy that overcomes outliers. While the minor goal is to introduce a new employment of an unweighted estimation method named "winsorization"  which is a good method to get robustness in regression estimation via special technique to reduce the effect of the outliers. Another specific contribution in this paper is to suggest employing "Kernel" function as a new weight (in the scope of the researcher's knowledge).Moreover, two weighted estimations are based on robust weight functions named "Cauchy" and "Talworth". Simulations have been constructed with contamination levels (0%, 5%, and 10%) which associated with sample sizes (n=40,100). Real data application showed the superior performance of the suggested method compared with other methods using RMSE and R2 criteria.


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