Solar Penetration Analysis Techniques for Photovoltaic Energy and Smart Grid Management


Zahoor Ahmed,Junaid Zaffar,Rashid Aleem,Ehtasham-ul-Haq,Nurali Pyarali,Mehr E Munir,



Solar energy,PV cells, energy forecast,smart grid management,


As the world thrives for power in order to strengthen its industrial demands and economy, traditional power sources are becoming more and more difficult to fulfill the rising demands. Renewable energy demand in the world whether third world countries or leading ones of the era, has seen a boost in recent decades. Photovoltaic and solar energy is an ongoing trend in power system designers, researchers and companies. As sun is the free source of energy, the world now a days achieves 30% of its total energy from it. Solar power is sporadic and is not constant, as solar source at the ground level is extremely reliant on clouds density, atmospheric conditions with other restrictions. These limitations become a challenging task for engineers and energy managers to focus the energy constraints and came up with managing plan in order to produce and manage energy efficiently in smart grids. This paper focuses on energy constraints of both solar resource and PV power alongside smart grid energy management.


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