Engr Uzair Ali,Engr Syed Shujaat Ali,



Flooding,Flood Forecasting,Floodplain Zoning,Hydraulic Model,Dimensional Approach,HEC RAS,MIKE,


Flooding is considered to be one of the worst natural catastrophes effecting million of people throughout the world. Flooding is referred to as potentially destructive abundance of water in a normally dry location. Flooding occurs when water inundate the areas adjacent to the river channel called as the floodplain, causing potential damage to the inhabitants of that area. Thus, a proper flood forecasting system including the development of flood zoning maps, the right of river bed and extent of inundation of floodplain are required for these areas. A composite river hydraulic model provide basis for the development of forecasting system providing timely management of future flood events. Several computer programs are used for the simulation of these models based on either one- or two-dimensional modelling approach. As there are variety of performance capabilities and access to the data required for the development of these hydraulic models, thus it is essential to choose the best software related to those models. A review of various wellknownmodels developed on different software for flood forecasting has been presented in this paper that address the performance of software and the analysis techniques adopted to produce final results.


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