Dilip Kumar Gayen,Arunava Bhattacharyya,




Optical communication,multiplexer,Sagnac Switches,Terahertz Optical Asymmetric Demultiplexers (TOADs),signal routing,signal demultiplexing,insertion loss,extinction ratio,crosstalk,optical networks,


This paper presents the design and implementation of an Optical 4:1 Multiplexer using Sagnac Switches as Terahertz Optical Asymmetric Demultiplexers (TOADs). Optical multiplexers play a crucial role in modern communication systems by combining multiple signals onto a single optical channel. The proposed multiplexer architecture leverages the benefits of Sagnac Switches, such as low insertion loss, high extinction ratio, and low crosstalk, along with TOADs to achieve efficient signal routing and demultiplexing. The design is evaluated through simulations, demonstrating its performance in terms of insertion loss, extinction ratio, and crosstalk. The experimental validation of the multiplexer verifies its effectiveness in real-world scenarios. The Optical 4:1 Multiplexer using Sagnac Switches as TOADs offers a promising solution for optical communication networks, enabling efficient signal multiplexing and demultiplexing while maintaining high data integrity and low signal degradation.


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