P. Lakshmi Narayana,M Venkatesan,




Branches,Observability,Phasor Measurement Units,Redundancy,Sequential Quadratic Programming(SQP),Zero Injection buses,


This paper investigates redundancy and observability constrained Sequential Quadratic (SQ) technique for optimal Phasor Measurement Units (PMU) placement. The nonlinear constraints of buses are considered with this approach to optimize the quadratic objective for PMU placement. Zero Injection (ZI) bus constraints are modeled in quadratic formulation to less PMU locations. PMU placement with and without ZI constraints are compared to illustrate the importance of ZI constraint modeling for PMU placement. Redundancy in network is estimated with number of branches connected to bus. Redundancy of bus network is measured by the proposed Bus Redundancy Index (BRI). To estimate observability performance of the complete network, a Complete System Bus Observability Index (CSBOI) is proposed. IEEE- 14,30, and 57 bus systems are simulated with the proposed constrained SQ Programming formulation in MATLAB. The comparison of planned way with conventional methods is also considered to show its efficacy


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