Effluents of Hayatabad Industrial Estate and Its Impacts on Human Health and Environment


Muhammad Sheeraz,Muhammad Nadeem Khan,MuhammadZeeshan Ahad,Fawad Ahmad,Mehr-e-Munir,




Industrial estate, Combined Effluent Treatment Plant,Human health,Healthy Environment,


Portable water is a gift of God, which is used by human beings both for domestic and industrial purposes, but when it is polluted by certain reasons it become useless and adversely effects human health, aquatic life and threats the ground water. There are many sources of water pollution and Industrial pollution is one major source and concern for today’s world because toxic substances and chemicals used as raw products in industries is being discharged as residual to the water bodies if not treated. The HIE is no exception, where different industries are indiscriminately releasing their untreated effluents to open nallah, which ultimately makes its way into river Kabul while passing through urban and rural areas of Peshawar. The river Kabul water is widely used for irrigation purposes and is affecting the human and marine life because of the untreated toxic effluents. The study deals with the estimation and characterization of pollutions load discharged by the HIE and possible solutions to control these effluents at source i.e. at individual industrial level or at a Combined Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP). The study concluded that toxic effluents with high BOD, COD and TSS along with number of other heavy metals are released untreated. These effluents cannot be treated at source due to high cost and non-availability of land in existing developed industries. Also it is not advisable to install individual treatment plants due to lack of technical knowhow and high maintenance costs. The solution for this is to install a CETP at a suitable location on common benefit and maintenance cost mechanism.


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Author(s): Muhammad Sheeraz, Muhammad Nadeem Khan, Muhammad Zeeshan Ahad, Fawad Ahmad, Mehr-e-Munir View Download