M. A. Khan,M. S. Khan,A. Jawad,




Concrete,Steel Scale Waste,Durability,Compressive Strength,Flexural Strength.,


This paper presents the effective utilization of industrial waste steel mill scale in concrete. Tests were performed on concrete specimens incorporating 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% steel mill scale by weight of sand and a control specimen. Results were assessed in terms of workability, compressive strength, flexural strength, and durability. The compressive and flexural strength of concrete incorporating a 20% steel mill scale was recorded higher as opposed to control and other percent replacement specimens. It was also observed that the durability and resistance against sulphate attack of concrete enhanced as the replacement proportion of mill scale were increased. Furthermore, the higher specific gravity of mill scale waste makes it a suitable material for heavyweight concrete members and radiation shield structures.


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