Akter Hossain,




Numerical simulation,Methane,Counterflow diffusion flame,Green fuel (H2),Greenhouse gas (CO2),


In this study, a series of 1-D and steady-state numerical simulations have been performed for the prediction of the effect of the addition of H2 on the characteristics of a non-sooting counterflow CH4/Air diffusion flame using detailed chemical reaction model, which is composed of 325 elementary chemical reactions and 53 chemical species. Under the steady-state assumption, a set of one-dimensional transport equations of mass, momentum, species, and energy along with the equation of state has been solved numerically at the atmospheric conditions over the counterflow configuration by exploiting an efficient numerical code, OPPDIF (a Fortran Program for Computing Opposed-Flow Diffusion Flames). The grid adaption technique has been used to achieve better convergence as well as to ensure the maximum accuracy of the simulated results. It is found that the flame temperature is increased due to the addition of H2 with CH4, which is injected into the fuel stream. The elevation in the temperature is caused by the augmentation of the integrated heat release rate of the elementary reactions supported by the active radicals (H, O, and OH), which are generated by the higher reactivity of H2. Besides, it is found that the mole fractions of H2O are increased as the percentage of H2 in the loading fuel (CH4) is increased and also, it is identified that the chain propagating reaction, OH + H2 => H2O + H is dominating one which produces highest amount of H2O. Furthermore, it is noticed that the indirect greenhouse gas or precursor, CO is reduced when H2 is added to CH4. Consequently, the mole fraction of the principle greenhouse gas, CO2 is decreased significantly when the fuel, CH4 percentage is modified by the higher percentage of H2. The sensitivity analysis of elementary reactions reveals the fact that the chemical reaction: OH + CO => H + CO2 is a dominating reaction in producing a lower amount of CO2 when the volume fraction of H2 is increased in the fuel (CH4) stream. In the presence of 75 % H2 in CH4, the pressure-dependent reaction, O + CO (+M) => CO2 (+M) appears as another chemical route that also generates greenhouse gas, CO2 but its contribution is negligibly small.


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