Mels T. Oshakbaev,Ersin A. Tusipkaliyev,MizambekN. Baimbetov,Zhaniya N. Kaynarbaeva,Gulim D. Baybatyrova,Bekzat K. Abayyldanov,




Oil sludge,bituminous soil,fractional distillation;gas chromatography,infrared spectrometry,atomic absorption spectroscopy,


Over the past decades, environmental protection and the rational use of natural resources in the conditions of development and rapid growth of industrial production, especially in the oil and gas industry, have become the most pressing problems. In this regard, the issues of sparingof oil and gas resources and recycling of waste into target products, the introduction of non-waste technology in the Mangystau region of the Republic of Kazakhstan, are considered to be of paramount importance. The present study on the production monitoring of oil-saturated wastessoil cover in the Mangystau oil field and the subdivisions of OzenMunayGazJSC of the Mangystauregion of the Republic of Kazakhstan was carried out on the basis of “Methodological recommendations for conducting comprehensive research and assessing environmental pollution in areas that are likely to be affected by intense anthropogenic impact.”The use of oil resources, transportation of oil and oil products is accompanied by the emergence and wide spread of various environmental problems causing technological, biological and other negative effects to the environment. In the fields of oil and gas production, tens of thousands of tons of oil sludge are formed annually, a certain part of this amount beingstored in sludge collectors or in special areas designated for this purpose. Oil sludge is waste generated during the extraction, transportation and refining of oil from which it is possible to produce target products. The chemical composition and physical-mechanical properties of various groups of oil sludge are very diverse.The organic part of oil sludge contains 80% of hydrocarbons and their derivatives, of which paraffin-naphthenic hydrocarbons make up 74-75%, resins - 21-22% and asphaltenes -3-4%. The organic fraction of oil sludge contains phenols in the amount  of 0.075-0.0144 mg/dm3. In bituminous soils, on the contrary, 75% is the inorganic part of the soil cover. The organic part contains organometallic compounds, where vanadium and titanium have the highest content (1,990-2,000 mg/kg and 970-1,000 mg/kg, respectively). In this regard, there is a need to monitor the area and to implement a set of effective measures to protect it against the adverse effects on public health and the environment. This article presents the main components of the organic and inorganic parts of oil sludge and bituminous soilsof the landfills of JSC “OzenMunayGas.” The organic part of sludge contains paraffin hydrocarbons, resinous compounds and organometallic complexes. The analysis of oil sludge shows the potential of its use for the production of paraffins, bitumen and the extraction of metals.


I. Abayylddanov, B.K., Utelbaev, B.T. Dzhusipbekov, U.Zh., Oshakbaev, M.T., &Torebekov, O. Refining oil sludge of JSC “Ozenmunaygaz” // Science and World. 2018; 1 (52): 44.

II. Abrosimov, A.A. Ecology of hydrocarbon systems processing: Textbook / Edited by M.Yu. Dolomatov, E.G.Telyashev. Moscow: Chemistry, 2002.

III. Akhanov, Zh.U., Faizov, K.Sh., &Asanbaev, I.K. The modern state of the ecology of the soil of Kazakhstan //Dec. of the NAS of the Republic of Kazakhstan. 1992; 4: 12-16.

IV. Alinov, M.Sh. Ecology and Sustainable Development: Study Guide. Almaty: Bastau, 2012.

V. “Analysis of the effectiveness of methods of influence on the productive strata of the Uzen field”, V.M. Zaitsev, MM. Kozhabergenov, Oilfield business. 2005; 5.

VI. Asanbaev, I.K., Auezova, OM, &Faizov, K.Sh. Petrochemical pollution of soils in Western Kazakhstan and the prospects for their cleaning // Izv. NAS RK. Ser.biol. 1995; 6: 3-8.

VII. Duzbaev, S.K., Kuanyshev, A.Sh.,&Nuraliev, B.B. Tectonically active zones and prospects of the oil and gas south of the Caspian Basin and its framing // Oil and Gas. 2001; 1: 3-11.

VIII. Dzhakiev, K.T., Salimgereev, M.Zh.,Sadykov, M.Z., Yugai, M.V., &Azmukhanov, B.M. The current state of environmental protection in JSC “Kazakhoil-Emba” and ways to solve it // Oil and gas potential of Kazakhstan. Works I Intern.conf.Almaty-Atyrau, 2001.

IX. Dzhusipbekov, U.ZH.,Oshakbaev, M.T., Utelbaev, B.T. Oil sludge and disposal // Science and World. 2017; 1 12 (52).

X. Faizov, K.Sh. Soils of the Mangystau region. Almaty: Science, 1970.

XI. Faizov, K.Sh. Soil-ecological map of the Mangyshlak Peninsula. Funds IP MNVO RK, 1991.

XII. Faizov, K.Sh. &Asanbayev, I.K. On the petrochemical pollution of soils and their environmental consequences // Hydrometeorology and ecology. 1996; 4: 183-193.

XIII. Faizov, K.Sh.,&Seitzhanova, R.A. Soil-ecological zoning of the Mangystau region // VIIMezhvuz. Collection of works of ASU named after Abay. Almaty, 1994. Pp. 18-23.

XIV. Faizov, K.Sh.,Asanbaev, I.K., &Bekbolatov, S.Zh. Ecological zoning of disturbed territories of the Caspian region // In the book: State and rational use of soils of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Almaty, 1998. Pp. 70-74.

XV. Faizov, K.Sh., et al. Soils of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Almaty, 2001.

XVI. Gabbasova, I.M., Abdrakhmanov, R.F., Khabarov, D.L., &Khaziev, F.K. Changing the properties of soils and the composition of groundwater when polluted with oil and industrial wastewater in Mangystau, Soil Science. 1997; 11: 1362-1372.

XVII. Grabarov, P.G., Solodnikova, E.A., &Kvitko, B.Ya. The content of gross and mobile forms of trace elements (copper, zinc, manganese, cobalt, molybdenum and boron) in the soils of the Mangystau region. Report. Funds of IP of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR.Almaty, 1972.

XVIII. Ilyin, B.V. On the development of MPC of heavy metals in soils // Agrochemistry. 1985; 10: 94-101.

XIX. Istleuova, M.B., Dubinchin, P.P., &Nadirov, N.K. Study of technogenic radioactive contamination in the oil fields // Oil and gas. 2000: 100-104.

XX. Jussipbekov, U., Oshakbaev, M., Torebekov, O., Shekeeva, K. &Utelbayev, B. Processing Oil Sludge to Produce Petrochemical Products // Recent Advances in Petrochemical Science .2018; October: 4

XXI. Kenzhegaliev, A.K., &Kuanov, M.S. Atmospheric air pollution with hydrogen sulfide in the Mangystau region // Bulletin of the National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan. 1995; 1: 43-44.

XXII. Nadirov, N.K., Kotova, A.V., Kamyanov, V.F., Titov, V.I., et al. Metals in the oil. Almaty: Science, 1984.

XXIII. Nadirov, N.K. Oil and gas complex of Kazakhstan // Oil and gas. 2000; 3: 108.

XXIV. Oil sludge. URL: www.nefteshlamy.ru/

XXV. Processing of oil sludge and drill cuttings.URL:https://www.wsenergy.eu/oblasti…/pererabotka-nefteshlama-i-burovogo-shlama

XXVI. Processing and disposal of oil sludge. URL: knowledge.allbest.ru/ecology/3c0

XXVII. Stogova, L.L., & Lysenko, V.V. The state of ecosystems and desertification of modern groundwater drainage in the areas of flooding of the Caspian oil fields // Oil and gas content of Kazakhstan. Proceedings I Between. Konf. Almaty-Atyrau. 2001: 194-195.

XXVIII. Tonkopii, M.S., Ishkulova, N.P., Anisimova, N.M., & Satbaeva, G.S. Ecology and sustainable development. Almaty: Economy, 2011.

XXIX. Utilization and processing of oil sludge in Kazakhstan.URL: kazecosolutions.kz/…/kak-utiliziruyutsya-i-pererabatyvayutsya-nefteshlamy-v-kazahst

XXX. Zakenov, S.T. “The Results of the Work on the Intensification of Oil Production at the Fields of Kazakhstan”, “Oilfield Business”. 2006; 3.

XXXI. Zhalmukhamedova, Zh.D. The scientific basis of environmental assessment and the preparation of an environmental passport of the Mangystau region. Report. Funds of the Institute of Space Research. NAN RK. Almaty, 1999.

View | Download