Elena I. Cherevach,Regina K. Shchekaleva2,




Biological activity,cultivation period,emulsifiers,micellar parameters,Saponaria roots (S. officinalis),saponin extracts,soil and climatic conditions,surfactants,triterpene glycosides,


The purpose of this study was to explore the possibility ofboth soapwort (S. officinalis L.) and bouncing Bet,or double‑flowered soapwort (var.floreplenе hort.) cultivation in the soil and climate conditions of PrimorskyKrai (Russia); to study the effects ofS. officinalis vegetation time on the composition and micellar properties of saponin root extracts for their use as highly effective natural surfactants. The dynamics of the saponin accumulation in the root, depending on the cultivation time, is studied. The values of the surface tension and the critical micelle concentration indicators of saponins and water root extracts are established for both S. officinalis types and different vegetation time.The influence of different technological factors on the micellar parameters of saponin roots for both S. officinalis types is investigated.It was found that highersaponin parameters of the bouncing Bet S. officinalis type allows recommending it as a highly promising source of natural surfactants, on a pair with commercial Quillajasaponin by its micellar parameters.The established pattern in hemolytic activity changes of the extracts from the vegetative stage S. officinalis roots allowsexpanding the sphere of their application.


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