Zeeshan Ullah,Khan Shahzada,Syed Azmat Ali Shah,Nauman Wahab,Sajjad Wali Khan,Akhtar Gul,Samiullah Qazi,Malik Hammad Naseer,



Sugarcane bagasse ash,marble sludge powder,EDX,XRF,


Marble sludge powder is produced as a by-product during the cutting and polishing of marble. Similarly, sugarcane bagasse ash is produced during the burning operation of sugarcane bagasse. Improper disposal of these waste materials poses a severe threat to the environment. The objective of this research study was to partially substitute cement with a binary mixture of SBA and MSP to reduce the environmental and health issues by adequately utilizing the waste material in the production of low-cost and eco-friendly concrete. For this purpose, a total of 174 concrete cylinders were tested. Apart from this, XRF and EDX tests were performed to determine the chemical composition of waste. Ordinary Portland cement was replaced with a binary mix of SBA and MSP from 0 to 40% by weight to achieve the synergistic effect. Various tests were performed, including compressive and splitting tensile strength and material tests, i.e. specific gravity, absorption capacity, sieve analysis, dry rodded unit weight, and moisture content. The tested specimens were compared with the control samples. The results showed that the difference between compressive and tensile strength up to 15% replacement is within targeted strength and slump. The optimized sample by partial substitution with a negligible effect on properties of concrete was SB10-MP5 and SB5-MP10. The increase in partial replacement above 15% will lead to a decrease in compressive and tensile strength. The cost per cubic meter of concrete was reduced by 8% as per MRS2019.


I. Adeed Khan, Muhammad Tehseen Khan, Muhammad Zeeshan Ahad, Mohammad Adil, Mazhar Ali Shah, Syed Khaliq Shah, : STRENGTH ASSESSMENT OF GREEN CONCRETE FOR STRUCTURAL USE, J. Mech. Cont. & Math. Sci., Vol.-15, No.-9, September (2020) pp 294-305
II. Azmatullah, Adil Afridi, Atif Afridi, Inayatullah Khan, : USE OF SUGARCANE BAGASSE ASH AS A PARTIAL REPLACEMENT OF CEMENT IN CONCRETE, J. Mech. Cont. & Math. Sci., Vol.-14, No.2, March-April (2019) pp 72-86
III. Arshad A., Shahid I., Anwar U.H.C., Baig M.N., Khan S., and Shakir K., “The Wastes Utility in Concrete”, International Journal of Environmental Research, vol. 8(4), pp: 1323-1328, 2014.
IV. Corinaldesi V., Moriconi G., and Naik T.R., “Characterization of marble powder for its use in mortar and concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 24(1), pp: 113-117, 2010.
V. Choudhary R., Gupta R., and Nagar R., “Impact on fresh, mechanical, and microstructural properties of high strength self-compacting concrete by marble cutting slurry waste, fly ash, and silica fume”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 239, pp: 1178-88, 2020.
VI. Cinar M., Karpuzcu M., and Canakci H., “The measurement of fresh properties of cement-based grout containing waste marble powder”, Measurement, vol. 150, 106833, 2020.
VII. Ganesan K., Rajagopal K., and Thangavel K., “Evaluation of bagasse ash as supplementary cementitious material”, Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 29(6), pp: 515-524, 2007.
VIII. Hendriks C.A.W.E., deJager D., Block K., and Riemer P., “Emission reduction of greenhouse gases from the cement industry, IEA Greenhouse gas R&D Programme. Retrieved December 25, 2019, from
IX. Jamil M., Khan M.N., Karim M.R., Kaish A.B.M.A., and Zain M.F., “Physical and chemical contributions of Rice Husk Ash on the properties of mortar”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 128, pp: 185-198, 2016.
X. Jagadesh P., Ramachandramurthy A., and Murugesan R., “Evaluation of mechanical properties of Sugar Cane Bagasse Ash concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 176, pp: 608-617, 2018.
XI. Koushkbaghi M., Kazemi M.J., Mosavi H., and Mohseni E.,“Acid resistance and durability properties of steel fiber-reinforced concrete incorporating rice husk ash and recycled aggregate“, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 202, pp: 266-275, 2019.
XII. Khan W., Shehzada K., Bibi T., Ul Islam S., and Wali K.S., “Performance evaluation of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Rice Husk Ash (RHA) in improving mechanical behavior of cement”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 176, pp: 89-102, 2018.
XIII. Khan M.A., Khan B., Shahzada K., Khan S.W., Wahab N., and Ahmad M.I., “Conversion of Waste Marble Powder into a Binding Material”, Civil Engineering Journal, vol. 6(3), pp: 431-445, 2020.
XIV. Khan R.A., and Ganesh A., “The effect of coal bottom ash (CBA) on
mechanical and durability characteristics of concrete”, Journal of Building
Materials and Structures, vol. 3(1), pp: 31-42, 2016.
XV. Mangi S.A., Wan Ibrahim M.H., Abdullah A.H., Abdul Awal A.S.M., Sohu S., and Ali N., “Utilization of sugarcane bagasse ash in concrete as partial replacement of cement”, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 271, pp: 1-8, 2017.
XVI. Muthukrishnan S., Gupta S., and Kua H. W., “Application of rice husk biochar and thermally treated low silica rice husk ash to improve physical properties of cement mortar”, Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, vol. pp: 104, 1023-76, 2019.
XVII. Mangi S.A., Wan Ibrahim M.H., Jamaluddin N., Arshad M.F., and Ramadhansyah P.J., “Effects of Ground Ash on the Properties of Concrete”, Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 14 (1), pp: 338-350, 2019.
XVIII. Omar O.M., Elhameed G.D., Sherif M.A., and Mohamadien H.A., “Influence of limestone waste as partial replacement material for sand and marble powder in concrete properties”, HBRC Journal, vol. 8(3), pp: 193-203, 2019.

XIX. Qudoos A., Kim H.G., Attaur R., and Ryou J.S., “Effect of mechanical processing on the pozzolanic efficiency and the microstructure development of wheat straw ash blended cement composites”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 193, pp: 481-490, 2018.
XX. Rajasekar A., Arunachalam K., Kottaisamy M., and Saraswathy V., “Durability characteristics of Ultra High Strength Concrete with treated sugarcane bagasse ash”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 171, pp: 350-356, 2018.
XXI. Sasanipour H., Aslani F., and Taherinezhad J., “Effect of silica fume on durability of self-compacting concrete made with waste recycled concrete aggregates”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 227, pp: 1165-98, 2019.
XXII. Salvador R.P., Rambo D.A.S., Bueno R.M., Silva K.T., and Figueiredo A.D., “On the use of blast-furnace slag in sprayed concrete applications”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 218, pp: 543-555, 2019.
XXIII. Singh M., Srivastava A., and Bhunia D., “Long term strength and durability parameters of hardened concrete on partially replacing cement by dried waste marble powder slurry”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 198, pp: 553-569, 2019.
XXIV. Tekle B.H., “Bagasse ash as a partial replacement of cement”, 2011.
XXV. Ulubeyli G.C., and Artir R., “Properties of Hardened Concrete Produced by Waste Marble Powder”, Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 195, pp: 2181-2190, 2015.
XXVI. Wu Z., Khayat K.H., and Shi C., “Changes in rheology and mechanical properties of ultra-high performance concrete with silica fume content”, Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 123, pp: 1057-86, 2019.
XXVII. Wan Ibrahim M.H., Hamzah A.F., Jamaluddin N., Ramadhansyah P.J., and Fadzil A.M., “Split tensile strength on self-compacting concrete containing coal bottom ash”, Social Behavioral Science, vol. 195, pp: 2280-2289, 2015.
XXVIII. Zareei S.A., Ameri F., Bahrami N., Shoaei P., Moosaei H.R., and Salemi N., “Performance of sustainable high strength concrete with basic oxygen steel-making (BOS) slag and nano-silica“, Journal of Building Engineering, vol. 25, pp: 1007-91, 2019.

View Download