Journal Vol – 19 No – 3, March 2024



Mohammad Hematibahar, Makhmud Kharun



Concrete is the most used building material in civil engineering. The mechanical properties of concrete depend on the percentage of materials used in the mix design. There are different types of mixture methods, and the purpose of this study is to investigate the mechanical properties of concrete using the mixture method through data analysis. In this case, more than 45 mixture designs are collected to find the estimated mixture design. The estimated mixture design was found by correlation matrix and the correlation between materials of concrete. Moreover, to find the reliability of the compressive strength of concrete through data mining, two models have been established. In this term, Linear Regression (LR), Ridge Regression (RR), Support Vector Machine Regression (SVR), and Polynomial Regression (PR) have been applied to predict compressive strength. In this study, the stress-strain curve of the compressive strength of concrete was also investigated. To find the accuracy of machine learning models, Correlation Coefficient (R2), Mean Absolute Errors (MAE), and Root Mean Squared Errors (RMSE) are established. However, the machine learning prediction model of RR and PR shows the best results of prediction with R2 0.93, MAE 3.7, and RMSE 5.3 for RR. The PR R2 was more than 0.91, moreover, the stress-strain of compressive strengths has been predicted with high accuracy through Logistic Algorithm Function. The experimental results were acceptable. In the compressive strength experimental results R2 was 0.91 MAE was 1.07, and RMSE was 2.71 from prediction mixture designs. Finally, the prediction and experimental results have indicated that the current study was reliable.


Data Mining,Concrete Compressive Strength,Prediction Method,Reliability,Artificial Intelligence,Machine Learning,


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V. Agrawal R. Sustainable design guidelines for additive manufacturing applications. Rapid Prototyping Journal, 28(7), (2022), 1221–40.
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XI. Chiadighikaobi PC, Hematibahar M, Kharun M, A. Stashevskaya N, Camara K. Predicting mechanical properties of self-healing concrete with Trichoderma Reesei Fungus using machine learning. Cogent Engineering. 11(1), (2024) :2307193.
XII. Chiadighikaobi PC, Kharun M, Hematibahar M. Historical structure design method through data analysis and soft programming. Cogent Engineering, 10, 1 , (2023) 2220499.
XIII. Chopra P, KumarSharma R, Kumar M. Prediction of Compressive Strength of Concrete Using Artificial Neural Network and Genetic Programming. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 7648467, (2016), 10.
XIV. Dębska B. Assessment of the Applicability of Selected Data Mining Techniques for the Classification of Mortars Containing Recycled Aggregate. Materials, 15, (2022),8111.
XV. Erdal HI. Two-level and hybrid ensembles of decision trees for high performance concrete compressive strength prediction. Eng Appl Artif Intell, 26, (2013), 1689–97.
XVI. Farooq F F, Czarnecki S, Niewiadomski P, Aslam F, Alabduljabbar H, Ostrowski KA, et al. A comparative study for the prediction of the compressive strength of self-compacting concrete modified with fly ash. Materials, 14, (2021), 4934.
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XIX. Hasanzadeh A, Vatin NI, Hematibahar M, Kharun M, Shooshpasha I. Prediction of the Mechanical Properties of Basalt Fiber Reinforced High-Performance Concrete Using Machine Learning Techniques. Materials.15, (2022), 20, 7165.
XX. Hazarika BB, Gupta D, Natarajan N. Wavelet kernel least square twin support vector regression for wind speed prediction, 29 (2022), 86320–36.
XXI. Hematibahar M, Esparham A, Vatin NI, Kharun M, Gebre TH. Effect of Gelatin Powder, Almond Shell, and Recycled Aggregates on Chemical and Mechanical Properties of Conventional Concrete. STRUCTURAL MECHANICS OF ENGINEERING CONSTRUCTIONS AND BUILDINGS. (2023); 19.

XXII. Hematibahar M, Ivanovich Vatin N, A. Alaraza H, Khalilavi A, Kharun M. The Prediction of Compressive Strength and Compressive Stress-Strain of Basalt Fiber Reinforced High-Performance Concrete Using Classical Programming and Logistic Map Algorithm. Materials.;15 , (2022a) 19,:6975.
XXIII. Hematibahar M, Vatin NI, Alaraza HAA, Khalilavi A, Kharun M. The Prediction of Compressive Strength and Compressive Stress–Strain of Basalt Fiber Reinforced High-Performance Concrete Using Classical Programming and Logistic Map Algorithm. Materials.;19, (2022b) 15:6975.
XXIV. Hsieh SC. Prediction of Compressive Strength of Concrete and Rock Using an Elementary Instance-Based Learning Algorithm. Advances in Civil Engineering, (2021),10.
XXV. J. Alghamdi S. Classifying High Strength Concrete Mix Design Methods Using Decision Trees. Materials, 15, (2022) 1950.
XXVI. Kaewunruen S, Sresakoolchai J, Huang J, Zhu Y, Ngamkhanong C, M. Remennikov A. Machine Learning Based Design of Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers. Appl Sci.12, (2022), 10311.
XXVII. Kashyzadeh KR, Amiri N, Ghorban S, Souri K. Prediction of Concrete Compressive Strength Using a Back-Propagation Neural Network Optimized by a Genetic Algorithm and Response Surface Analysis Considering the Appearance of Aggregates and Curing Conditions. Buildings.;12 , (2022) ,438.
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XXXI. Liu Y. High-Performance Concrete Strength Prediction Based on Machine Learning. Hindawi.; (2022), 5802217,7.
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L. Anitha, J. Sudha



The Boron Nitride Nanotubes (BNNTs) are cylindrical nanostructures made up of nitrogen and boron atoms stacked hexagonally. Comparable to carbon nanotubes, BNNTs have exceptional mechanical, electrical, and thermal capabilities. The increasing prevalence of micro-electromechanical systems in different technological fields underscores the necessity of gaining a comprehension of their mechanical behavior. The behaviour of Functionally Graded Boron Nitride Nanotube-Reinforced Composite (FG-BNNTRC) concerning microbeam cracks during free movement is investigated in this study. BNNT can be added to a matrix of polymers in four distinct manners to give reinforcements. The BNNTRC substance features are expected by the standard of integrating fractured microbeams. This study's primary goal is to investigate the free vibration properties of FG-BNNTRC cracked micro beams. It is crucial to focus on evaluating how different BNNT reinforcing structures, volume %, dimension/thickness ratio, and length scale elements affect vibration frequencies. This paper evaluates the vibration of fractured microbeams having length dependency using the modified couple stress theory. Following examining the effects of various causes, it emerges that the frequencies exhibit noticeable variances. The study shows that when the thickness of the beam becomes closer to the length scale parameter, the size impact gets stronger. The thickness of the beam grows, and the size impact decreases. The results are significant consequences with the design in addition to developing innovative composite materials for micro-scale applications, demonstrating the details of the complex interplay among nanoscale reinforcements and structural integrity.


Beam Theories,Boron Nitride Nanotube,Vibration,Size Effect,Functionally Graded Boron Nitride Nanotube-Reinforced Composite (FG-BNNTRC,


I. Arshid, Ehsan, and Saeed Amir. “Size-dependent vibration analysis of fluid-infiltrated porous curved microbeams integrated with reinforced functionally graded graphene platelets face sheets considering thickness stretching effect.” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications 235, no. 5 (2021): 1077-1099.

II. Bakhtiari-Nejad, F. and Nazemizadeh, M., 2016. Size-dependent dynamic modeling and vibration analysis of MEMS/NEMS-based nanomechanical beam based on the nonlocal elasticity theory. Acta Mechanica, 227(5), pp.1363-1379.

III. Chen, D., Zheng, S., Wang, Y., Yang, L. and Li, Z., 2020. Nonlinear free vibration analysis of a rotating two-dimensional functionally graded porous micro-beam using isogeometric analysis. European Journal of Mechanics-A/Solids, 84, p.104083.

IV. Civalek, Ö., Akbaş, Ş.D., Akgöz, B. and Dastjerdi, S., 2021. Forced vibration analysis of composite beams reinforced by carbon nanotubes. Nanomaterials, 11(3), p.571.

V. Eghbali, M., Hosseini, S.A. and Pourseifi, M., 2022. Free transverse vibrations analysis of size-dependent cracked piezoelectric nano-beam based on the strain gradient theory under mechanic-electro forces. Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements, 143, pp.606-612.

VI. Guo, L.J., Mao, J.J., Zhang, W. and Wu, M., 2023. Stability Analyses of Cracked Functionally Graded Graphene-Platelets Reinforced Composite Beam Covered with Piezoelectric Layers. International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, p.2350164.
VII. Heo, J., Yang, Z., Xia, W., Oterkus, S. and Oterkus, E., 2020. Free vibration analysis of cracked plates using peridynamics. Ships and Offshore Structures, 15(sup1), pp.S220-S229.

VIII. Huang, T., Li, Y., Chen, M. and Wu, L., 2020. Bi-directional high thermal conductive epoxy composites with radially aligned boron nitride nanosheets lamellae. Composites Science and Technology, 198, p.108322.

IX. Jones, R.S., Gonzalez-Munoz, S., Griffiths, I., Holdway, P., Evers, K., Luanwuthi, S., Maciejewska, B.M., Kolosov, O. and Grobert, N., 2023. Thermal Conductivity of Carbon/Boron Nitride Heteronanotube and Boron Nitride Nanotube Buckypapers: Implications for Thermal Management Composites. ACS Applied Nano Materials.

X. Ko, J., Kim, D., Sim, G., Moon, S.Y., Lee, S.S., Jang, S.G., Ahn, S., Im, S.G. and Joo, Y., 2023. Scalable, Highly Pure, and Diameter‐Sorted Boron Nitride Nanotube by Aqueous Polymer Two‐Phase Extraction. Small Methods, 7(4), p.2201341.

XI. Kumar, M. and Sarangi, S.K., 2022. Bending and vibration study of carbon nanotubes reinforced functionally graded smart composite beams. Engineering Research Express, 4(2), p.025043.

XII. Larkin, K., 2020. Nonlinear Size Dependent Analysis and Crack Network Modeling of Micro/Nano-systems (Doctoral dissertation, New Mexico State University).

XIII. Mercan, K. and Civalek, Ö., 2022. Comparative Stability Analysis of Boron Nitride Nanotube using MD Simulation and Nonlocal Elasticity Theory. International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13(4), pp.189-200.

XIV. Numanoğlu, H.M. and Civalek, Ö., 2022. Novel size-dependent finite element formulation for modal analysis of cracked nanorods. Materials Today Communications, 31, p.103545.

XV. Rahi, A., 2018. Crack mathematical modeling to study the vibration analysis of cracked micro beams based on the MCST. Microsystem Technologies, 24(7), pp.3201-3215.

XVI. Sahmani, S. and Safaei, B., 2019. Nonlinear free vibrations of bi-directional functionally graded micro/nano-beams including nonlocal stress and microstructural strain gradient size effects. Thin-Walled Structures, 140, pp.342-356.

XVII. Sedighi, H.M., Malikan, M., Valipour, A. and Żur, K.K., 2020. Nonlocal vibration of carbon/boron-nitride nano-hetero-structure in thermal and magnetic fields by means of nonlinear finite element method. Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, 7(5), pp.591-602.
XVIII. Shafiei, H. and Setoodeh, A.R., 2020. An analytical study on the nonlinear forced vibration of functionally graded carbon nanotube-reinforced composite beams on nonlinear viscoelastic foundation. Arch. Mech, 72(2), pp.81-107.

XIX. Sh Khoram-Nejad, E., Moradi, S. and Shishesaz, M., 2021. Free vibration analysis of the cracked post-buckled axially functionally graded beam under compressive load. Journal of Computational Applied Mechanics, 52(2), pp.256-270.

XX. Song, M., Gong, Y., Yang, J., Zhu, W. and Kitipornchai, S., 2020. Nonlinear free vibration of cracked functionally graded graphene platelet-reinforced nanocomposite beams in thermal environments. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 468, p.115115.

XXI. Vandecruys, E., Van de Velde, M., Reynders, E., Lombaert, G. and Verstrynge, E., 2023. Experimental study on acoustic emission sensing and vibration monitoring of corroding reinforced concrete beams. Engineering Structures, 293, p.116553.

XXII. Xu, C., Rong, D., Zhou, Z., Deng, Z. and Lim, C.W., 2020. Vibration and buckling characteristics of cracked natural fiber reinforced composite plates with corner point-supports. Engineering Structures, 214, p.110614.

XXIII. Yan, J.W. , He, J.B. and Tong, L.H., 2019. Longitudinal and torsional vibration characteristics of boron nitride nanotubes. Journal of Vibration Engineering & Technologies, 7, pp. 205-215.

XXIV. Zeighampour, H., Tadi Beni, Y. and Kiani, Y., 2020. Electric field effects on buckling analysis of boron–nitride nanotubes using surface elasticity theory. International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, 20 (12), p.2050137.

XXV. Zeighampour, H. and Tadi Beni, Y., 2020. Buckling analysis of boron nitride nanotube with and without defect using molecular dynamic simulation. Molecular Simulation, 46(4), pp.279-288.

XXVI. Zhao, J.L., Chen, X., She, G.L., Jing, Y., Bai, R.Q., Yi, J., Pu, H.Y. and Luo, J., 2022. Vibration characteristics of functionally graded carbon nanotube-reinforced composite double-beams in thermal environments. Steel Compos Struct, 43(6), pp.797-808.

XXVII. Zhu, L.F., Ke, L.L., Xiang, Y., Zhu, X.Q. and Wang, Y.S., 2020. Vibrational power flow analysis of cracked functionally graded beams. Thin-Walled Structures, 150, p.106626.

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Adham R. Azeez, Sadiq A, Zaid A. Abdul Hassain, Amer Abbood Al-behadili, Hind S. Ghazi, Yaqeen S. Mezaal, Ahmed A. Hashim, Aqeel Ali Al-Hilali, Kadhum Al-Majdi



An ultra-wideband patch antenna (UWB) that makes use of tapered slot technology is designed and analyzed in this article. Coplanar waveguide feeds the projected antenna. The presented antenna displayed superior UWB performances with -10 dB return-loss bandwidth, ranging from 1.9 to 12 GHz. The projected slot antenna has another benefit of minimizing the interference effect of the narrow band communications conducted by two notch bands operating at 3.3–3.8 GHz (WiMAX) and 5.1-6 GHz  (WLAN and HIPERLAN/2), respectively. The Dual-Bands rejection is generated by etching out a complementary split ring resonator (CSRR) from the patch and placing a trapezoidal split ring resonator (TSRR). Adaptable single or dual-band rejection characteristics have been added to the behavior of the UWB antenna, by mounting electronic switching across SRR and CSRR. Furthermore, the presented UWB slot antenna is printed on an FR4-epoxy substrate (εr = 4.4) and it has an overall size of . 55x48x1.5 mm3


Bi-directional Antenna,UWB,Split Ring Resonator,Dual Band-Notch Antenna,Reconfigurable Antenna,


I. Adham R. Azeez, Sadiq Kadhim Ahmed, A. M. Zalzala, Zaid A. Abdul Hassain, Taha A. Elwi,” Design of High Gain UWB Vivaldi Antenna with Dual Band-Notches Characteristics,” International Journal on Engineering Applications (IREA), Vol.11, No.2, pp.128-136, 2023.
II. Alnahwi F, Abdulhasan K, Islam N. An ultra-wideband to dual-band switchable antenna design for wireless communication applications. IEEE Antenn Wirel Pr let 2015; 14: 1685-1688.
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VI. J. Y. Siddiqui, C. Saha, and Y. M. Antar, Compact dual-SRRloaded UWB monopole antenna with dual frequency and wideband notch characteristics, IEEE Antenn. Wireless Propagat. Ltr. 14 (2014), 100–103

VII. F. Abayaje, S. A. Hashem, H. S. Obaid, Y. S. Mezaal, & S. K. Khaleel, “A miniaturization of the UWB monopole antenna for wireless baseband transmission,” Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 256–262, 2020.
VIII. Fontana, R. L., “Recent system applications of short pulse ultra-wideband (UWB) technology,” IEEE Trans. MTT, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 2087-2104, 2004.
IX. Kumar, O.P.; Ali, T.; Kumar,P.; Kumar, P.; Anguera, J. “An Elliptical-Shaped Dual-Band UWBNotch Antenna for Wireless” Applications. Appl. Sci. 2023, 13, 1310.
X. Mohamed H, Elkorany A, Saad S, Saleeb D. New simple flower shaped reconfigurable band-notched UWB antenna using single varactor diode. Prog. Electromagn Resc C 2017; 76: 197-206.
XI. Mohamed H, Elkorany A, Saad S, Saleeb D. New simple flower shaped reconfigurable band-notched UWB antenna using single varactor diode. Prog. Electromagn Resc C 2017; 76: 197-206.
XII. Nikolaou S, Kingsley N, Poncha G, Papapolymerou J, Tentzeris M. UWB elliptical monopoles with a reconfigurable band notch using MEMS switches actuated without bias lines. IEEE Trans Antenn Propg 2009; 57: 2242-2251.
XIII. Nickolas Kingsley, etal., “RF MEMS Sequentially Reconfigurable Sierpinski Antenna on a Flexible Organic Substrate With Novel DC–Biasing Technique”, Journal of Microelectro–Mechanical Systems, vol. 16, no. 5, October 2007.
XIV. Ojaroudi N, Ojaroudi M. A novel design of reconfigurable small monopole antenna with switchable band notch and multi-resonance functions for UWB applications. Microw Opt Techn Let 2013; 55: 652-656.
XV. Ojaroudi N, Ghadimi N, Ojaroudi Y, Ojaroudi S. A novel design of microstrip antenna with reconfigurable band rejection for cognitive radio applications. Microw Opt Tecn Let 2014; 56: 2998-3003.

XVI. Qing-Xin Chu, etal, “A Compact Ultra wideband Antenna With 3.4/5.5 GHz Dual Band-Notched Characteristics”, IEEE Transaction on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 56, no.12, 2008.
XVII. Qing-Xin Chu, etal, “A Compact Ultra wideband Antenna With 3.4/5.5 GHz Dual Band-Notched Characteristics”, IEEE Transaction on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 56, no.12, 2008.
XVIII. Tripathi S, Mohan A, Yadav S. A compact fractal UWB antenna with reconfigurable band notch functions. Microw Opt Techn Let 2016; 58: 509-514.
XIX. S. K. Mishra, and J. Mukherjee, “Compact Printed Dual Band-Notched U-Shape UWB Antenna”, Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, vol. 27, 169–181, 2012.
XX. Symeon Nikolaou, etal,. “UWB Elliptical Monopoles with a Reconfigurable Band Notch Using MEMS Switches Actuated Without Bias Lines”, IEEE Transaction on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 57, no. 8, August 2009.
XXI. Y. S. Mezaal, H. H. Saleh, H. Al-saedi, “New compact microstrip filters based on quasi fractal resonator,” Adv. Electromagn., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 93–102, 2018.
XXII. Y. S. Mezaal, H. T. Eyyuboglu, “A new narrow band dual-mode microstrip slotted patch bandpass filter design based on fractal geometry,” In 2012 7th International Conference on Computing and Convergence Technology (ICCCT), IEEE, pp. 1180–1184, 2012.
XXIII. Y. S. Mezaal, H. T. Eyyuboglu, & J. K. Ali (2013, September). A new design of dual band microstrip bandpass filter based on Peano fractal geometry: Design and simulation results. In 2013 13th Mediterranean Microwave Symposium (MMS) (pp. 1-4). IEEE.
XXIV. Y. S. Mezaal, S. F. Abdulkareem, “New microstrip antenna based on quasi-fractal geometry for recent wireless systems,” In 2018 26th Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference (SIU), 2018.
XXV. Y. S. Li, W. X. Li and Q. B. Ye, “Compact Reconfigurable UWB Antenna Integrated With Stepped Impedance Stub Loaded Resonator and Switches”, Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, vol. 27, 239–252, 2012.
XXVI. Zaid A. Abdul Hassain, Mustafa Mahdi Ali, and Adham R. Azeez, “Single and Dual Band-Notch UWB Antenna Using SRR/CSRR Resonators, ” Journal of Communications, Vol. 14, No. 6, PP. 504-510, June 2019.
XXVII. Zaid A. Abdul Hassain, Amer A. Osman, and Adham R. Azeez, “First order parallel coupled BPF with wideband rejection based on SRR and CSRR, “Telkomnika, Vol.17, No.6, PP. 2704-2712, December 2019.
XXVIII. Zaid A. Abdul Hassain, Adham R. Azeez, Mustafa M. Ali, and Taha A. Elwi, “A Modified Compact Bi-Directional UWB Tapered Slot Antenna with Double Band-Notch Characteristics, “Advanced Electromagnetics, Vol. 8, No. 4, PP. 74-79, September 2019.

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N. Sasikala, V Sadhasivam



In this article, new oscillation criteria for the second-order self-adjoint Matrix differential equations by using the Riccatti technique are obtained. A suitable example is given to illustrate the significance and effectiveness of the result.       


Matrix Differential equations,oscillation,selfadjoint,damping,


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XIV. Meng, F. and man, cuiqin Oscillation results for linear second order matrix differential systems with damping, Applied Mathematics and computations, 187 (2007) 844-855.
XV. Nandakumaran, A.K. and.Panigrahi, S. Oscillation criteria for differential equations of second order, Mathematica slovoca, (59) (2009) no.4 pp 433-454.
XVI. Pan, Yuanyuan and Xu, Run. Some new oscillation criteria for a class of nonlinear fractional differential equations, Fractional Differential calculus, 6(1) (2016), 17-33.
XVII. Parhi, N. & Praharaj, N. Oscillation criteria for second order self adjoint matrix differential equations, Annales Polonici mathematics vol 72(1999) pp 1-14.
XVIII. Parhi,N.and Praharaj,P. Suffcient condition for oscillation of linear second order matrix differential systems., Rocky Mountain, Journal of Mathematics, Volume 32, Number 3, fall 2002.
XIX. Parhi, N.& Praharaj, N. Oscillation of nonlinear matrix differential equations, Math. Slovoca, 57 (2007) no.5 455-474.
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XXI. Sadhasivam,V. and Kavitha, J. Oscillation criteria for fractional partial differential equation with damping term, Applied Mathematics, 7 (2016), 272-291.
XXII. Wang, Qi-Ru Oscillation of self adjoint matrix differential systems, Applied Mathematics Letters 17 (2004) 1299-1305.
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Rezaul Karim, M. A. Bkar Pk, Md. Asaduzzaman, Pinakee Dey, M. Ali Akbar



Bangladesh has a higher population density than most other nations in the world. This project aims to evaluate the effects of experimental family planning and maternal and child health. Bangladesh saw changes in the use of contraceptives, the continuation of contraception, fertility, and infant and child mortality between 2012 and 2022. The project's current goal is to guarantee improved family health. To satisfy the changing needs and priorities of families and to provide better health for all, this paper has proposed several novel initiatives, such as enhanced health and family planning services, and enhancing maternal and child health. The goal of this project is to improve the health of women and children through family planning using an age-structured population model. It also covers the graphical presentation of the data using programs like Matlab, Mathematica, Excel, and others.


Population Model,Sharpe-Lotka model,Gurtin MacCamy model,family planning,women’s and child’s health,


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Ruma Bagchi, Anup Kumar Karak



In this paper, we have presented a model of two-phased arterial hepatic blood flow in hepaticarteries remote from the heart and proximate to the Liver keeping in view the nature of hepatic blood circulation in the human body. Blood is supposed to be non-Newtonian of the power-law type. Solutions of the constitutive equations are obtained in analytical as well as in numerical forms. The role of hematocrit is explicit in the determination of blood pressure drop in the case of Hepatic disease Hepatitis B.


Hepatic Blood Flow,Non-Newtonian power law model,Haematocrit,Blood pressure drop,Hepatitis B,


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IV. Upadhyay, V., Prakash, Om and Pandey, P. N. A mathematical model for two phase hepatic blood flow in artery with special reference to hepatitis-B, The Pharma Journal, 82-9,1.1, 2012.

V. Vollmar B, Menger MD. The hepatic microcirculation, mechanistic contributions and therapeutic target in liver injury and repair.Physiol Rev, 2009; 89:1269-1339.

VI. Vollmar B, Menger MD. The hepatic microcirculation: mechanistic contributions and therapeutic targets in liver injury and repair. Physiol. Rev. 1269-1339, 2009.

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